1. Route. 5
The Town Hall (PI. 17) in the Market-place was erected in
1508 in the so-called Burgundian (late Gothic) style, and restored
in 1826. The facade is adorned with the town-arms (a black
episcopal staff resting on a fisherman's grappling-iron).
The Arsenal (PI. 23), the receptacle of the arms for the Bale
contingent of troops, contains little worthy of note except the
shirt of mail worn by Charles the Bold.
The handsome Spab.len-Tb.or (St. Paul), erected about the
year 1400, deserves inspection ; the other gates, bastions, and
ramparts have been converted into public walks.
Among other Mediaeval Belies may be mentioned the late Gothic
Fishmarket - Fountain, erected in the 14th cent.; the Spahlen-
Fountain with a bagpiper, supposed to have been designed by
Diirer; the Roman archway in the old St. Alban's Monastery
(PI. 5). — The Barfiisser-Church (PI. 4), dating from the be¬
ginning of the 14th cent., with its very lofty choir, now serves
as a store-house. — The Church of St. Martin (PI. 8) was restored
in 1851 and converted into a Protestant place of worship. —
The new Gothic Elisabethenkirche (PL 6), erected at the expense
of a wealthy citizen of Bale, contains some fine stained glass
from Munich. — The recently restored (Rom. Cath.) Church of
St. Clara (PI. 25) at Klein-Basel contains a fine organ.
The missionary institutions of Bale are deservedly in high repute.
The Mission - House (PI. 12) educates missionaries for the promulgation
of Christianity. An excellent Society for the Promotion of the Public Wel¬
fare, which has existed in Bale for nearly a century, has a very extensive
sphere of operation. There are also similar institutions in the neigh¬
bourhood : Deaf and Dumb Asylum, Estab. for Prot. Sisters of Charity
and Reformatory at Riehen.
The Monument of St. Jacob (PI. 3), about i|2 M. to the S.E. of the
Aeschen gate, on the road to the Miinster-Thai, by F. Schlolh, was in¬
augurated in 1872. Above is Helvetia in armour, with a wreath; on the
pedestal are four falling warriors in marble. Inscription: 'Our souls to
God, our bodies to the enemy!' It marks the burial place of Swiss sol¬
diers who fell in 1444 fighting for the liberties of their country. Large
bodies of irregular troops had assembled in France under the Count Ar-
magnac, with 30,000 of which the Dauphin marched against the Confederates
at Bale. The latter were stationed at the fortress of Farnsburg, about 15 M.
to the S.E. of the town, and, on the approach of the French, 1300 men
immediately attempted to force their passage to Bale. After a desperate
conflict they were all cut to pieces near the village of St. Jacob where
the last and bloodiest struggle took place. The red wine (not of a very-
superior quality) yielded by the vineyards which now occupy the scene
of the battle is known by the name of 'Swiss Blood'.
2. From Bale to Bienne (Bern andNeuchdtel) through
75 M. to Bern. The high road leads through picturesque scenery.
Diligence to (56 M.) Bienne three times daily in summer in 8'|2—12'|2 hrs.,
fare 11 fr. 80 c. — By Railway (direct) from Bienne to Bern in 1—l'|4hr.;
fares 3 fr. 75, 2 fr. 65, 1 fr. 90 c.; to Neuchatel in 3|i—1'|4 hr.; fares 3 fr.
40, 2 fr. 55, 1 fr. 90 c.