XV. WRESTLING MATCHES.
the extent occupied by glaciers at a very- remote period was tar greater
than at present. This conjecture is confirmed by the frequent occurrence
of Erratic Blocks of granite in districts to which they must have been
conveyed by some external force, having been in all probability deposited
bv ancient "glaciers. It is a remarkable fact that boulders of this de¬
scription are found on the E. slopes of the Jura, near Bienne and Soleure,
where the rock-formation consists entirely of limestone.
The glacier-domain of Switzerland extends from Mont Blanc to the
Order, the entire area thus occupied being computed at 900 sq. M. The
cantons of the Orisons 12251, Kern (155), and die Valais (130) comprise
»|ioths of the Swiss glaciers (540|, '^rds of which send their waters to
the Rhine. The mightiest glacier mass is the Bernina (p. 330); the most
extensive glacier. 15 M. in length, is the Alelsch Glacier (p. 142).
XV. Wrestling Matches.
On stated occasions the youth of a valley, or of several neighbouring
valleys, congregate for the purpose of wrestling. The elders and children
of the community take part in the scene as spectators. For a victory to
be decisive, the vanquished wrestler must be thrown upon his back by
his antagonist, and so obstinately are these contests prolonged that injuries
of a serious nature not unfrequently result. These are interesting and
characteristic spectacles, except of course where they are got up for pur¬
poses of gain and the diversion of strangers , as at Interlaken and other
great resorts of travellers.
The following are the fixed dates of some of the most important
The 29th June at Scb.ipfheim, in the Entlebuch (p. 93).
The Sunday after the 5th July on the Seealp, in the canton of
The Sunday after the 25th July (St. James) on the Batersalp, 3 M.
from Weissbad (p. 278).
The 22nd July on the Rigi (p. 59).
The 26th July at Sachseln (p. 91).
The 26th July on the Engstlenalp, near Meiringen (p. 130).
The 1st Sunday in August on the Stadtalp, near Meiringen (p. 125).
The 1st Sunday in August on the Wengernalp (p. 116).
The 10th August on the Tannalp, near Meiringen (p. 125).
The 2nd Sunday in August at Ennetegg in the Entlebuch (p. 93).
The t5tli August near the Chapel of Notre-I)ame-de-la-Gorgc on the
Mont, .loli (p. 2291.
The last Sunday in August at Ennetegg in the Entlebuch.
In August, on the patron Saint's day, near the Baths of Urnasch in
the Canton of Appenzell.
The 1st Sunday in September at Ennetegg.
The 29th September and 1st Sunday in October at St. Joseph near
Schuptheiin (p. 93).
Abbreviations used in the Handbook.
K- = K....."• S. = South.
L. — Light. E. = East.
I'.. = Breakfast. YV = West
11. = Dinner. r. = Rish(
S. = Supper. 1. __ ]eft
A. = Attendance. hr. = Hour.
,M. -- English mile. min. = Minute
X. = North. It. ,', = Kngl. ,:,„,,
N.ll. Everything particularly worthy of note is indicated by an asterisk
Distances in mountainous districts are given according to'the time in
which thej arc traversed by average walkers.