Roads in Switzerland are measured by Kilometres, or by eighths
of leagues (a 'Stunde', or Swiss league, being about 3 Engl. M.).
1 kilometre = 1093.6331 Engl. yds., or about 5/8 Engl. M.
Distances are given in the Handbook in English miles, except in
mountain expeditions, where hours are the usual and more
convenient standard of distance.
Letters (prepaid) to any part of Switzerland (10 grammes
in weight, about ]/3 oz0 10 c-> if within a radius of 6 M. 5 c.
only; Germany and Austria (15 grammes, about t/2 oz.) 25 c. ;
France, Belgium and Italy (10 gr.) 30 c.; Netherlands and
Great Britain (15 gr.) 30 c.; Russia (15 gr.) 50 c.; N. America
(15 gr.) 80 c.
Post Office Orders, issued within the limits of Switzerland
only, must not exceed 500 fr. for the larger, 200 fr. for the
smaller towns. Charge for an order not exceeding 100 fr. 20 c,
for each additional 100 fr. 10 c. more. With regard to money-
orders to foreign countries, a convenience of which the traveller
will probably seldom avail himself, information may be obtained
at all the principal offices.
Telegraphic Communication in Switzerland is well organised
and inexpensive, and the aggregate length of the wires is at
present greater than in any other country in proportion to the
population. The tariff for 20 words is !/2 fr-> f°r every additio¬
nal 10 words 25 c, within the limits of Switzerland.
The telegraphic regulations provide that dispatches may be
delivered at any post-office, from which, if not itself a telegraph
office, they shall be transmitted without delay to the nearest.
In such cases the fee for the telegram is paid by affixing a
stamp of the requisite value (l/.2 fr. or upwards, according to the
number of words). The rates for foreign dispatches may be
ascertained at the offices.
The Carriages in German Switzerland (like those of Wurtem-
berg, Austria, and Lombardy) are constructed on the American
principle, generally accommodating 72 passengers, and furnished
at each end with iron steps of easy access, protected by a roof.
Through each carriage, and indeed through the whole train, runs
a passage , on each side of which the seats are disposed. This
arrangement enables the traveller to change his position at plea¬
sure, unless the carriage be unusually crowded, and facilitates a
survey of the scenery.
The carriages in French Switzerland are generally of the
ordinary construction, and inferior in comfort to those of the
other lines. In this part of the country passengers' tickets are
inspected as they leave the waiting-room before starting, and
given up at the 'Sortie' on their arrival.