VIII. Carriages and Horses.
Good vehicles are to be found in every part of Switzerland,
but should be inspected before any bargain is entered into. If
the journey is to be of considerable length, it is desirable to
have a Written Agreement drawn up, which the voiturier usually
concludes by depositing a sum with his employer as earnest-
money, afterwards to be added to the account. The traveller has
a right to select the hotels where the night is to be passed,
the driver being entitled to determine where rest during the
day shall be taken. Private posting, or the system of changing
horses, is forbidden by law.
The ordinary charge for a carriage with one horse is 15—20 fr.,
with two horses 25—30 fr. per diem, and the driver expects
1 fr. per horse as a gratuity. In the height of summer slightly
increased terms are demanded. Like the guides, the voiturier
demands the return-fare to the place where he was engaged, and
the traveller should therefore endeavour so to arrange his journey
that he may discharge his carriage as near the home of the
driver as possible.
Return-conveyances may sometimes be obtained for 10 to
15 fr. per day, but the use of them is in some places pro¬
The average day's journey is 30—40 miles, a halt being made
of 2—3 hours about noon; and for the return-journey about
In mountainous districts, inaccessible to heavy carriages,
'Bergwagli' or 'chars-a-bancs', for two persons only, may be
hired for 12—15 fr. per day, fees included.
A Horse or Mule costs 10—12 fr. per day, and the con¬
ductor expects a trifling additional gratuity (1—2 fr.). If he
cannot return with his horse on the same day to the place from
which he started, the following day must be paid for. Good
walkers will of course prefer to dispense with the aid of a horse.
A prolonged ascent on horseback is fatiguing, the descent disa¬
greeable. Even ladies may walk without difficulty to the most
frequented summits, but if unequal to the task they should
IX. Diligences, Post-Office, Telegraph, etc.
Diligences. Considering the mountainous nature of the
country, the postal communications in Switzerland are ad¬
mirably organised, although slow. The public conveyances for
travellers are under the control of government; they are gener¬
ally well fitted up and provided with respectable drivers and
conductors, and the fares are moderate. They consist of the