gratuity, but for the more difficult routes, guides are indispen¬
sable. They will be found, as a class, to be intelligent and re¬
spectable men, well versed in their duties, and acquainted with
the people and resources of the country.
The great stations for guides are Thun, Interlaken, Grindel¬
wald, Meiringen, Lauterbrunnen, Lucerne, Arth, Zug, Martigny,
Chamouny, Zermatt, and Pontresina, while for the principal
passes guides are always to be found at the neighbouring villages.
The usual pay of a guide is 6—8 fr. for a day of 8 hrs.; he
is bound to carry 15—20 pounds of baggage, and to hold him¬
self at the entire disposition of his employer, whose temporary
servant he is. They generally demand 6 fr. a day for returning
home; but, as they have nothing to carry, better terms may
occasionally be made with them , and they arB bound to return
by the shortest practicable route.
Although a guide adds considerably to the traveller's expen¬
ses, the outlay will seldom be regretted. A good guide points
out a multitude of objects which the best maps fail to indicate;
he furnishes useful and interesting information on manners and
habits, on battle-fields and historical incidents, on military
routes and positions; and when the traveller reaches his hotel,
wearied with the fatigues of the day, his guide often renders
him valuable service.
Divided among a party, the expense of a guide is of course
greatly diminished; but as he is not bound to carry more than
20 pounds of baggage, it is often more useful to hire a horse
or mule, the attendant of which will serve as a guide on the
Adult porters are entitled to 75 cent, or 1 fr. an hour, when
not engaged by the day, return included. It is advisable to make
a distinct bargain previously to engaging their services, a sum
being agreed upon which shall comprise food, return, and the
inevitable 'pourboire', or extra gratuity. A certain amount of
good fellowship and confidence should subsist between the traveller
and the individual who is perhaps to be his sole companion for
several days. The judicious traveller will know when to make
with advantage the offer of a cigar or the spirit-flask, such
attentions on his part being seldom thrown away.
Travellers desirous of engaging a thoroughly trustworthy guide
should be careful to select one of the certificated who have
passed a certain examination, and are furnished with legal certi¬
ficates of character and qualifications.