III. HOTELS AND PENSIONS.
most convenient coin, especially for N. Italy. German florins
(2 fr. 15 c), in the larger towns and hotels of the N. and E. of
Switzerland, are exchanged for 2 fr. 10 c., dollars (3 fr. 75 c.)
for 3 fr. 70 c. English sovereigns (25 fr.) and banknotes are
received at the full value at all the principal hotels and towns in
Switzerland and N. Italy. The circular notes of lOi., issued by
many of the English banks, are recommended as a safe and con¬
venient form for transporting large sums.
III. Hotels and Pensions.
Hotels may be said to be a specialty of Switzerland. The
modern establishments at Bern, Geneva, Vevay, Zurich, Lucerne,
and Interlaken are models of organisation on a most extensive
scale. The smaller inns are often equally well conducted, and
indeed in French and German Switzerland a really bad hotel is
rarely met with.
The ordinary charges in the first-class hotels are: bedroom
2 fr. and upwards, table d'hote without wine at 1 o'clock 3—4 fr.,
at 4 o'clock or later 4—5 fr.; breakfast (tea or coffee, bread,
butter, and honey) l'/a fr. in the public room, 2 fr. in the
traveller's apartment; candles 1 fr., service 1 fr.; supper gener¬
ally a la carte. (Abbreviations, see p. XLII.)
At the second-class inns the average charges are: bedroom
l'/2 fr-> breakfast 1 fr., table d'hote 2—3 fr. , service discre¬
tionary, and no charge for 'bougies'. At the large hotels the
best accommodation is generally reserved for families, while the
solitary traveller is consigned to the inferior rooms at equally
It should be borne in mind that the estimation in which hotels
are held varies very much with the temperament of the visitors
themselves. Some are more exacting than others, give orders
totally at variance with the customs of the country, and express
great dissatisfaction if their wishes are not immediately complied
with; others travel with a superabundance of luggage, which is
often apt to embitter their enjoyment; and there is also a
numerous class whose ignorance of foreign languages causes them
frequent embarrassment and discomfort.
In the dull season (October to June) many hotels aie con¬
verted into 'Pensions' or boarding-houses, in which guests are
received by the week on terms ranging from 3 to 8 fr. per diem.
This charge comprises bedroom, breakfast, table d'hote without
wine, and supper (tea, bread and butter, and cold meat); attend¬
ance about 5 fr. per month. Pensions for the reception of
summer visitors abound in the neighbourhood of Lucerne, Geneva,
Interlaken, and many other parts of Switzerland.