his 'impedimenta' until he arrives and presents his ticket at his final
destination (where they will be kept in safe custody, several days
usually gratis). Where, however, a frontier has to be crossed, the tra¬
veller should see his luggage cleared at the custom-house in person.
— Circular Tickets for prolonged tours are issued at considerably
reduced rates (see the time-tables), but are only partly available for
the Rhine steamers (see below). Ordinary return-tickets are avail¬
able for one to three days.
Diligences. The# diligence-communication in most parts of
Germany is well-organised. The average speed is 5 Engl. M. per
hour, the fare i1/^- Per M. 'Extra-post' generally obtainable on
application at the post-offices : 6d. per M. for 1-2, 1*. per M. for
3-4 persons. Carriages to be had almost everywhere, at the rate of
10-15 m. with one horse, and 12-25 m. with a pair of horses, per day.
V. Steamboats on the Rhine.
The Rhine is navigated by upwards of 100 steamboats, from
the local vessels of fifteen or twenty horse power to the powerful
tug-steamers of upwards of four hundred. During the last few
years the average number of steamboat-passengers has exceeded
one million annually. The following six vessels of the united Co¬
logne and Diisseldorf Companies are the best: 'Deutscher Kaiser',
'Wilhelm Kaiser und Konig', 'Humboldt', 'Friede', 'Hansa', and
'Niederwald', all saloon-steamers. The first two of these accom¬
plish the journey from Mayence to Cologne in 7Y2 hrs., and that
from Cologne to Mayence in 12 hrs., touching, in descending, at
Biebrich, Coblenz, and Bonn only; in ascending, at Bingen also.
On Sundays and holidays Konigswinter is also called at. The
ordinary steamers stop at numerous small places where passengers
are landed in boats. The charge for landing or embarking includ¬
ing 100lbs. of luggage is 10 pf., except at Walluf and Rolandseck.
The vessels of the Netherlands Co. are too uncertain to be depended
upon for short distances, but are sometimes preferred by travellers
to or from Rotterdam, no change of boat being necessary.
The fares are very moderate, those for voyages up stream being
one-sixth less than for those in the reverse direction. The express
fares are somewhat higher than the ordinary. The express-steamers
carry saloon-passengers only. Each passenger is allowed lOOlbs. of
luggage free. Additional advantages are offered by the issue of re¬
turn-tickets, one class of which is valid for a week, another within
the current year. Railway Circular Tickets (see above) are avail¬
able for the steamers between Cologne and Mayence, subject to
conditions printed on the tickets. It is important to note that in
these cases the train may be exchanged for the steamer, or vice
versa, only at the terminal station in the coupon. Third class pass¬
engers may travel in the saloon on paying the difference to the con¬
ductor on board.