szek, Torda, Ober-Weissenburg, and Innerszolnok some of them
have settled down and become industrious husbandmen. The other
races represented are Jews (26,000), Slovaks, Ruthenians, Bulgar¬
ians, Servians, and Greeks. — The total population is in round
Plan of Tour. The S. part of Transylvania is the most inter¬
esting ; i.e. the district between Petrozseny, Hermannstadt, and
Kronstadt, which may be explored in about a fortnight. The neigh¬
bourhood of Kronstadt especially deserves a visit. The imperfect
connections and the fewness of the trains on the branch-railways
render deviations from the main lines very inconvenient. In districts
to which neither trains nor diligences have yet penetrated, decent
carriages (6-8 fl. per day) or saddle-horses (about 1 fl. per day) may
be hired. The poor saddles generally require shawls or rugs to make
them comfortable. — Guides (1 fl. 20-2 fl. per day), necessary for
mountain-excursions, may be obtained in the neighbouring villages.
When a guide or horse is discharged at a distance from home, the
full charge for the return-journey is usually paid. Application for
guides, etc., should be made to the Transylvanian Carpathian Club,
which has branches at Hermannstadt, Kronstadt, Bistritz, Schass¬
burg, Fogaras, Broos, Muhlbach, Petrozseny, and Szasz RtJgen.
Inns. The inns in the towns are fairiy good on the whole and
not dear. A tariff approved by the local authorities is usually dis¬
played in the bed-rooms. On expeditions into the country or among
the mountains it is advisable to carry provisions. Quarters for the
night among the mountains may be found in the refuge-huts of the
Carpathian Club, in the houses of the royal foresters, or in Roumanian
Money, the Austrian. In case of a trip to Roumania or Bucha¬
rest, French gold will be found useful. Francs are called Lei in Rou¬
mania, centimes Bani.
Passports are unnecessary for Transylvania, but are essential for
Roumania. A visa is not required.
Language. The official language is Hungarian, which is also
the popular tongue in the W. and N. districts and in the districts of
the Szeklers. German, however, wdll carry the traveller through in
most places, even at Bucharest, though French is more common there.
Travellers among the mountains will find the knowledge of a few
Roumanian phrases convenient.
76. From Klausenburg to Bistritz.
74 M. Railway in 43/4 hrs. (fares 4 fl., 3 fl. 20 kr., 2 fl.).
Klausenburg, Hung. Kolozsvdr. — Hotels. HStel Central, in the
market-place; Hungaria ; "Konigin von England ; Biasini, near the Univer¬
sity. — Rail. Restaurant. — Cafis Nagy Gabor, Europa, both in the market¬
place. — Cab from the station 60 kr., with two horses 1 fl.; Omnibus 30 kr,
— Tramway to the town via the Nagyutza. — Steam Tramway from the
station through the town to Kolozs Monostor (p. 395).