272 Route 46. RATIBOR.
To Jagerndorf, 36 M.. railway in 3 hrs. Stations: Dielhau, Freiheitau
Oppahof Stettin, Komorau. 18M. Troppau ('Krone; 'Rbmischer Kaiser; Borne;
pop. 21,676), on the Oppa, capital of Austrian Silesia, and meeting-place of
the Congress of 1820, which was afterwards adjourned to Laibach (p. 196).
The train follows the Oppa, the boundary between Austrian and Prussian
Silesia, via Kreuzendorf, Skrochowilz, Lobenstein (with the ruin of Schellen-
burg on the left), and Burgberg (with its pilgrimage-church), to Jagern¬
dorf (1027 ft.; Kaiser von Oesterreich; "Tiroler; Reichsadler; Krone; pop.
14,278), a thriving town, with extensive cloth-factories and a chateau of
Prince Liechtenstein. This is the junction of the lines running S. to
Freudenthal and Olmiitz (p. 271); N.E. to Leobschiltz and Ratibor (see below);
and N.W. to Ziegenhals, Neisse, and Brieg (see below).
Near (166y2M.) Mahrisch-Ostrau (junction for Mahrisch-Fried-
land, p. 270) the Oder is crossed. In the vicinity are large coal-pits
and Baron Rothschild's iron-works of Witkowitz.
171i/2M. Oderberg (Rail. Restaurant, R. 1 fl. 35 kr.), the Austrian
frontier-town, junction of the lines to Cracow (R. 47) and Kaschau
(R. 61). Luggage examined here (in both directions). The train
again crosses the Oder, the boundary between Austria and Prussia.
Stations: Annaberg, Kreuzenort, Tworkau. —187 M. Ratibor ("Hotel
de VEurope), junction of a line to the W. to Leobschiltz and Jagern¬
dorf (see above).
The train r'ecrosses the Oder. Stations: Nendza (branch-line to
Kattowitz), Ratiborer-Hammer, Cosel-Kandrzin (branch-line to
Gieiwitz and Beuthen-Kbnigshiitte and to Deutsch Wette, Neisse, and
Ziegenhals, see below). To the right rises the isolated Annaberg,
with a pilgrimage-chapel. Stat. Gogolin.
233 M. Oppeln (Form's Hdtel; Adler; pop. 19,100), capital and
seat of government of Upper Silesia. The train follows the left bank
of the Oder. Stations : Lbwen, Loosen, and (258'/2 M.) Brieg (Lamm,
Kreuz), a town with 20,150 inhabitants.
Branch-line from Brieg to the S. (in I1/2 hr.) to Neisse (Stern; Krone;
Adler), a fortress pleasantly situated on the Neisse, to Ziegenhals, and
Jagerndorf (see above). A railway leads from Ziegenhals to (1 hr. 4 min.)
Freiwaldau (1447 ft.; "Krone; Kaiser von Oesterreich; Kretschmar; Schroth;
Hotel Bahnhof), 12 M. to the S.W., in Austria; I1/2 M. distant is Grafen-
berg, the celebrated hydropathic founded by Priessnitz (d. 1851), the in¬
ventor of the system. — From Freiwaldau to Hannsdorf (p. 266), 22'/2 M.,
railway in lhr. 40min., via, Lindewieseand Goldenstein, through a picturesque
Beyond Brieg, on the left, rises the white tower of Mollwitz,
where Frederick the Great gained a victory in 1741. 268 M. Ohlau.
284 M. Breslau, see Baedeker's Northern Germany.