to Breslau. OLMUTZ. 46. Route. 271
and in 1758 was unsuccessfully besieged for seven weeks by Frederick the
Great. In 1794 Lafayette was imprisoned here. In the Ober-Ring, with
its tall 'Trinity Column' (1742), are the Rathhaus of the 15th cent, (with
a fine E. portal, an astronomical clock, and a Gothic chapel, now con¬
taining a collection of coins), and the Theatre. In the Mauritius-Platz are
the Gothic Mauritius-Kirche (ll-12th cent.) and the modern school-build¬
ings, containing the Gewerbe-Museum. Adjoining the large new barracks
is the Studien-Bibliothek (the library of the old university, which was
suppressed in 1858). The fine Gothic Cathedral of the Prince Bishop was
built in the reign of Wenceslaus III. (assassinated here in 1306, and interred
in the cathedral). Pleasant Stadt-Park, laid out in 1866.
From Olmutz to Hohenstadt and BShmisch- Triibau, see p. 259; to Wich-
stadtl, see p. 266.
From Olmutz to Jageendoef, 57 M., railway in 33/i-5 hrs. The train
crosses the Feistritz several times. 4 M. Gross- Wisternilz, at the foot of
the Sudeten; to the left Heiligenberg, on the hill, with a pilgrimage-
church; 91/2 M. Hombok. The valley now contracts; 121/2 M. Grosswasser.
Four tunnels. 2i M. Domstadtl, picturesquely situated, where the Austrians
captured the baggage of Frederick the Great in 1758, and thus made him
raise the siege of Olmutz. 251/2 M. Bdrn-Andersdorf (Rail. Restaurant),
with large linen and cotton factories. Andersdorf has good mineral springs.
Beyond (31 M.) Ditlersdorf the railway crosses the watershed between the
March and the Oder. 371/2 M. Kriegsdorf (Rail. Restaurant; branch to Rbmer-
stadt). To the left rise the Altvater and the Vaterberg. — 43 M. Freudenthal
(1794ft.; Thiel; Schindler; Schober; pop. 7600), prettily situated, with an old
castle which was once the chief seat of the Teutonic Order. (Diligence daily
in 2 hrs., I21/2M., to the romantically situated baths of Karlsbrunn, from
which the Altvater may be ascended.) — The train descends to (481/2 M.)
Erbersdorf. (Branch-line in I1/4 hr. to Wiirbenthal; diligence thence in 1 hr.
to Karlsbrunn, see above, and in 4 hrs. to Freiwaldau, p. 272.) We now
follow the course of the Oppa, via Bransdorf. 57 M. Jdgemdorf, see p. 272.
The line crosses the Beczwa. Fertile country studded with fruit-
trees. To the left a chateau of Count Potocki. To the E. of (124 M.)
Leipnik, a manufacturing town (pop. 5389) with old watch-towers,
rises the (3 M.) dilapidated Schloss Helfenstein, the property of Prince
Dietrichstein. The valley of the Beczwa is fertile and picturesque.
Cuttings, embankments, and viaducts abound. The high ground at
(13i/2 M.) Weisskirchen (branch to Krasna, p. 270) is the boundary
between Moravia and Austrian Silesia, and the watershed between
the Black Sea and the Baltic. — 138 M. Pohl (Rail. Restaurant).
From Pohl a diligence runs twice daily in 5 hrs. to Walachisch-
Meseritz and (20 M.) Roschnau (1243 ft.; Hdtel Radhost; Krone), a prettily
situated little town in 'Moravian Walachia', a health-resort of consumptive
patients. (Curhaus, vapour baths, whey-cure, etc.)
The train now enters the district of the Oder. —145 M. Zauchtl.
The Little Carpathians form the background to tbe E.
From Zauchtl to Hotzendorf, 13 M., railway in 21/4 hrs., via (6 M.)
Neutitschein (935 ft.; "H6tel Schuster; pop. 11,500), a charmingly situated
town. The Steinberg, 1/2 hr. to the S., is a splendid point of view; still
finer is the height 1/4 hr. farther on, from which the entire chain of the
N. Carpathians is visible. To the W., 1 hr., is the picturesque ruin of
Alttilschein (1594 ft.). To the E., 4 M., lies the finely situated little town
of Stramberg (1372 ft.), with the interesting cave of Kotouc, noted for its
152 M. Stauding (Rail. Restaurant; branch-line in II/4 hr. to
Stramberg, see above). At (163 M.) Schonbrunn (Rail. Restaurant)
the Oderthal contracts and becomes picturesque.