to Zittau. TURNAU. 45. Route. 269
Trautenau (1100 ft.; Union; Hdtel Stark; Weisses Ross; pop. 13,287), a town
on the Aupa, and centre of the Bohemian linen industries. The battles
fought here on 27th and 28th June, 1866, are commemorated by an obelisk
on the Gablenzhohe (1657 ft.) and monuments on the Kapellenberg, a fine
point of view. Branch-line to Freiheit, see below. 37 M. Parschnitz (p. 268).
From Trautenau to Johannisbad. Train up the valley of the Aupa
to (8 M.) Freiheit in 40 min.; diligence thence in 1/2 hr. to Johannisbad
(Curhaus; Deutsches Haus; Breslau; Stern; H6t. Johannisbad, etc.), with
its warm spring (84° Fahr.). Charming environs: the Ladig (1 hr.), the
Klause (1 hr), the Schuberts- Miihle (3/4 hr.), etc."!
From Alt-Paka to Chlumetz, see p. 265.
Several lofty viaducts. 59L/2 M. Liebsladtl; 64 M. Semil
(1090 ft.), with an old chateau of Prince Rohan, now public offices.
Diligence thence in 7 min. to the manufacturing village of Iserthal
(good inn); pretty view from the Rabenstein.
We enter the romantic valley of the Iser. Four tunnels. —
68 M. Eisenbrod (junction for Tannwald), beyond which, on the
right, is the large group of factories of Neu-Hamburg. Then the
Lischneier Tunnel, 1/iM. long. The scenery between this point and
Turnau is the finest on the line; beautiful wooded and rocky land¬
scapes. Beyond (72 M.) Klein-Skal, on the right, is the modern
chateau of Dalimeritz.
An interesting route leads from Kleinskal to (2 hrs.) Reichenau (see
below), passing the 'Felsen- Pantheon' (on a bold rock on the right bank
of the Iser, containing memorials of Austrian celebrities) and the ruin of
Friedstein, and crossing the Kopainberg (2149 ft.; "View).
77'/2 M. Turnau (Kronprinz; Rail. Restaurant; pop. 5959),
a pleasant town on a hill on the left bank of the Iser, commanded by
the Gothic Marienkirche. The hydropathic of Wartenberg, 2l/2 M.
to the S., is a health-resort. In the vicinity are the ruin of Wald¬
stein (1276 ft.) and the chateau and park of Gross-Skal (1194 ft.).
A -Walk to Wartenberg, Gross-Skal, and Waldstein and back takes
3!/2 hrs. (guide 1 fl.); including the ruins of Troska and the Annen-Capelle
(with a view as far as Prague in clear weather), 21/2 hrs. more. The
sandstone rocks of Gross-Skal are remarkably bold and grotesque. The
path leads from the Wartenberg past the Wratislaw-Felsen, resembling
an obelisk, the Greifennest, and the Drachenhohle, and through the narrow
cleft called the Mausloch, to the handsome castle of Gross-Skal; thence
through beautiful grounds with magnificent beeches and tall junipers, past
the Felsenkammer with Adam and Eve, and the Felsenstadt, to Waldstein,
the ancestral castle of Wallenstein, curiously built on and in the rocks.
From Turnau to Prague, 647z M., railway in 33/4 hrs. Station Swijan-
Podol. 9'/2 M. Miinchengratz (801 ft.; Traube; pop. 3600), on the Iser, near
which Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia defeated the Austrians and
Saxons on 28th June, 1866. Wallenstein (seep. 240) is interred in the chapel
of the chateau here. Stations: Bakov (p. 254), Jungbunzlau (p. 254), Kutten-
thal, Vsetat-Privor (p. 255), Neratowitz (branch to Kralup, p.233), Kojetitz,
Czakowitz, and Vysocan. 6472 M. Prague, see p. 218.
The train now enters a smiling and well-cultivated district. A
long tunnel. 82'/2 M. Sichrow, with a noble chateau and park of
Prince Rohan. We cross the valley of the Mohelka by a viaduct,
130 yds. long. 86 M. Liebenau, 90'/2 M. Reichenau, two busy glass-
making places. (Route over the Kopainberg to Klein-Skal, see above.)
The line ascends in a long bend to (94 M.) Langenbruck (1647 ft.),
on the watershed between the Iser and the Neisse, and descends to —