to Trieste. ADELSBERG. 28. Route. 1 97
smelted lie on the right bank of the Idriza, V2 M. to the N.E. of Idria.
The quicksilver is obtained, by smelting and distillation, and particularly
by mixing the heated and pulverised cinnabar with unslaked lime, which
combines with the sulphur and sets the metal free. The annual yield is
500 tons of quicksilver, of which about a tenth is converted into pigment
on the spot. The miners, about 1200 in. number, form a kind of regulated
colony; the women employ themselves in lace-making. The chateau of
Gewerkenegg, built in 1527 and now the mine-office, the theatre, built
under Maria Theresa, and the school should be noticed. Walks may be
taken to the (7? M.) Zemlja Park and the (17s M.) Wilden-See.
163 M. Rakek, about 4 M. to the E. of which is the Zirknitzer
See, abounding in fish. — 177 M. Adelsberg (1800 ft.; "Adelsberger
Hof; Krone; Restaurant at the station), Slav. Post6jna, is a summer-
resort of the Triesters. Fine view from the Schlossberg or castle-hill
(2215 ft,; 25 min.), with its ruined castle.
The celebrated "Adelsberg Grotto, known in the middle ages and
accidentally re-discovered in 1818, is illuminated with electric light daily
in summer (April 15th-Oct. 15th) at 10.30 a.m. (adm. 21/2 fl. for each person;
no extras), but it may also be visited at any other time on payment of
from 10 to 40 fl. according to the scale of the illumination (ticket-office
near the church; omn. from the hotels, 15 kr.). Gratuities are forbidden.
Total length of the cavern, so far as accessible, upwards of 2]/2 M. The
visit usually takes 2'/2 hrs. (chair with four bearers 6 fl.). Temperature
of the interior 48° Fahr.
An avenue of lime-trees ascends to the Fntrance (1970 ft.), closed by
a gate, 3,4 M. to the W. of Adelsberg (omn. from the rail, station, 40 kr.).
The cavern consists of several different chambers: 1. The Poik Cavern,
into which the Poik (Piuka; see p. 196) flows, 60 ft. below the entrance,
this being the beginning of its subterranean channel. Two natural bridges
of rock, connected by one of masonry, lead to the — 2. Cathedral, 72 ft.
high, 158 ft. broad. The dimensions of this imposing grotto appear mag¬
nified owing to the uncertain light, and the eye in vain endeavours to
penetrate its sombre recesses, from the bottom of which the murmur of
the Poik reaches the ear. — 3. The Kaiser-Ferdinand Grotto, consisting of
a succession of chambers, in one of which, the Ball Room, 150 ft. long and
upwards of 40 ft. high, a ball takes place annually on Whit-Monday, with
brilliant illumination. — 4. The Franz-Joseph-Elisabeth Grotto, one of the
most spacious caverns known, 112 ft. in height, 223 yds. in length, and
214 yds. in breadth, containing the Belvedere, a height composed of frag¬
ments of stalactites. — 5. The Maria-Anna Grotto, with the Calvarienberg,
the farthest point from the entrance.
Feom Adelsberg to Phawald, 8 M., diligence daily in l3/4 hr. About
4 M. from Adelsberg a road diverges on the right to Landol and (472 M.)
Lueg (1660 ft.; inn), a village with a castle, picturesquely situated at the
foot of a wall of rock, 400 ft. high, containing several fortified caves. At
its base is a grotto, in which the Lokva is swallowed up. — Prawald
(1900ft.; Brauhaus), with 350 inhab., is a summer-resort of the Triesters.
The Nanos (4265 ft.) is frequently ascended hence (3'/2 hrs., with guide).
Extensive view of the Carinthian Alps, the Adriatic, and the coast of Istria.
The train now traverses the valley of the Poik to Prestranek and
(I831/2 M.) St. Peter (1785 ft.; *Siidbahn-Hotel; Buffet).
From St. Peter to Fiume, 3572 M., railway in 2-3 hrs. — The line
traverses the undulating district of the Karst (p. 198). . Beyond three tun¬
nels we reach (5 M.) Kiillenberg, Slav. Kilocct, with a fine view. At (10 31.)
Dornegg-Feistritz, which is overlooked by the ruins of a castle, the Feistritz
(Bystrica) issues from the hill in a copious stream, which is immediately
used to drive several mills. The line then traverses a tunnel and descends.
in view of the sea and the island of Cherso, via (1972 M.) Sapiane (1400 ft.)
aud (26M.) Jurdani, with a large cave, to (2872 M.) Malluijlie-Abbazia