GLOGGNITZ. 24. Route. 179
a magnificent silver tankard, 2 ft. in height, executed in Germany
in 1462 to commemorate the reconciliation of Frederick III. and
Matthew Corvinus of Hungary (1462); also old codices (the Gospels
of 1325), weapons, etc. (Custodian on 1st floor; fee.)
From Neustadt to Oedenburg, Steinamanger, and Mohdcs, see R. 72.
Feom Nebstadt to Aspang, 22 M., railway in 174 hr. (from Vienna to
Aspang, 54 M., in 3 hrs.). The station is on the E. side of the town.
5 M. Klein- Wolkersdorf; 7 M. Erlach; 8 M. Pitten, with a ruined castle;
IO'/j M. Seebenstein, commanded by a noble Schloss of Prince Liechtenstein,
containing a collection of armour (fine view). — 22 M. Aspang (1556 ft.;
Aspanger Hof; Hirsch; Kreuz, etc.). The Wechsel (5702 ft.; 5 hrs.) is a fine
point of view. From Aspang a road leads to the W., via Feistritz, to (8 M.)
Kirchberg on the Wechsel, where there is a grand stalactite grotto. Pleasant
road through wood, by Schloss Kranichberg, a seat of the Archbishop of
Vienna, to (772 M.) Qloggnitz (see below).
To the right beyond Neustadt the Schneeberg is visible from the
summit nearly to the base ; to the left, the LeithaMts. Large fields
of maize and then pine-woods are passed. On the hills to the left
in the distance is Schloss Seebenstein (see above). 351/2 M. St. Egy-
den; 39 M. Neunkirchen (Lowe), a manufacturing place. Scenery
picturesque and varied. 42 M. Ternitz; 46 M. Pottschach, with
manufactories. — 47 M. Gloggnitz (1426 ft.; "Baumgartner; "Ad¬
ler; Griiner Baum; Restaurant opposite the station), a pretty little
town (4500 inhab.) on the Schwarza, lies at the base of the Semme-
ring. Schloss Gloggnitz on a hill, a Benedictine abbey down to 1803,
is now a private residence. On a hill to the left (18/4 hr. to the S.W.)
is the picturesque castle of Wartenstein.
The *Semmering Railway, which begins at Gloggnitz, the oldest
of the great continental mountain-railways, constructed in 1848-54,
is remarkable alike for its engineering and its scenery. Between
Gloggnitz and Miirzzuschlag (35 M.) there are 15 tunnels and
16 viaducts. The maximum gradient is 1:40. The construction of
this part of the line cost upwards of 60,OOOJ. per English mile.
The train ascends with the aid of a mountain locomotive.
Schloss Gloggnitz looks imposing. In the valley flows the green
Schwarza, by which is the large paper-factory of Schloglmiihl. On
the left rises the Sonnwendstein with its three peaks; to the W.,
in the background, the Raxalp. The line then describes a wide
circuit round the N. slope of the mountain to (51 M.) Payerbach
(1512 ft.; "Leberl; Kampitsch; Rail. Restaurant).
To Reichenau and the Hollenthal, with ascents of the Schneeberg and
the Raxalp, see Baedeker's Eastern Alps.
Beyond Payerbach the train crosses the valley of Reichenau by a
viaduct of thirteen arches, 249 yds. long and 80 ft. high, and then
ascends (gradient 1: 40) the S. slope of the valley. Two short tun¬
nels • to theleftan extensive view over the plain. Gloggnitz now lies
558 ft. below the line.
The train next skirts the Gotschakogl (two tunnels). On a rocky
pinnacle at (60 M.) Klamm (2254 ft.; Moshammer) rises an old
castle of Prince Liechtenstein , once the key of Styria, but now