178 Route 24. WIENER-NEUSTADT. From Vienna
Weilburg and the Helenen-Thal between them (see p. 80). The broad
plain to the left, sprinkled with villages, is bounded by the Leitha
Mts. Near (19l/„M.)V6slau (800 ft.; 'Hotel Bellevue; "Hallmayer;
Witzmann, etc.), a watering-place (3680 inhab.), the best Austrian
wine is produced. A large pond in the park of Count Fries, fed by
a thermal spring (75° Fahr.), contains swimming and other baths.
Adjoining Voslau is the prettily situated village of Gainfarn ("Wein-
traube), with two hydropathics. — Excursion to (172 hr.) "Merkenstein
(1490 ft.), with a ruined castle, a chateau, and a belvedere in the park.
Ascent thence of the Eiserne Thor (2785 ft.), an admirable point of view,
l»/2 hr. (see p. 80).
Near (21 M.) Leobersdorf (Adler), the barrenSchneeberg is seen
on the right; 1J/4M. to the E. is Schonau, with a fine park. Branch-
lines to (46i/2M.) St. Polten (p. 82) and to (23i/2M.) Gutenstein (see
Baedeker's Eastern Alps). — 26 M. Felixdorf, at the beginning of
the Steinfeld, has a large artillery-range. Near (261/2 M.) TAeresien-
feld (a home for invalid officers founded by Maria Theresa in 1763)
are extensive fields of maize.
31 M. Wiener-Neustadt (930 ft.; "Hirsch; Kreuz; Rossi; Kb¬
nig von Ungarn; "Rail. Restaurant), with 25,146 inhab., the birth¬
place of Emp. Maximilian I., was almost entirely destroyed by fire
in 1834, and is now an important manufacturing town.
The Parish Church is partly Romanesque (nave, 13th cent.) and
partly Gothic (choir and transept, 14th cent.). It contains interest¬
ing sculptures (painted statues of the Apostles, 15th cent.; *St. Se¬
bastian, end of 16th cent.) and monuments.
At the S.E. angle of the town stands the ancient ducal Castle
of the Babenberg family, built in 1192, and altered by Emp. Fred¬
erick III. in 1457. The late-Gothic Schloss-Kapelle contains three
superb stained-glass windows, that in the middle, with portraits of
Max I. and his two wives and the Baptism of Christ above, dating
from 1479. On the high-altar, under which reposes Emp. Maximi¬
lian I. (p. 131), stands an excellent bronze statue of St. George, of
the 15th century. In the court, over the entrance, are the armorial
bearings (89 quarterings, many quite imaginary) of Frederick III.,
and his motto A.E.I. O. U. ('Austria erit in orbe ultima', or 'Austria
est imperare orbi universo'); below is a statue of the emperor (1453).
The building was converted into a military academy (450 pupils) by
Maria Theresa in 1752 and contains portraits of the Empress and
eminent officers educated here. In the garden are a statue of Maria
Theresa and a monument to former pupils slain in battle.
The late-Gothic Neukloster-Kirche contains the tomb of Eleanor
of Portugal (d. 1467), wife of Frederick III., and a finely carved
winged altar of 1447. The Monastery possesses a Library containing
ancient miniatures, and a collection of early German paintings,
ivory carvings, majolica, and other curiosities.
In the Rathhaus are preserved many charters of the 12th cent.
and a small collection of antiquities, including the Corvinu* Becher,