is strongly recommended to keep his luggage with him, and to
superintend the custom-house examination in person. — English
money is occasionally refused at the Austrian ticket-offices, and the
traveller should therefore always be provided with a sufficient store
of Austrian or German money.
Diligences , called Eilwagen' or 'Mallepostes' in Austria, gen¬
erally carry three passengers only, two in the inside, and one in the
coupe. The latter alone affords a tolerable survey of the scenery,
and should if possible be secured. In much-frequented districts it
is frequently engaged several days beforehand. The guards, who are
often retired non-commissioned officers, are generally well-informed
and obliging. The usual quantity of luggage allowed to each pass¬
enger by the Eilwagen does not exceed 20 lbs., over-weight being
charged for by tariff. Passengers are sometimes required to book
their luggage two hours before the time of starting, or even on the
previous evening. — The old 'Stellwageri', formerly the chief means
of transit in Tyrol, has now been superseded by the more comfort¬
able Omnibus. On nearly all the chief routes Post-Omnibuses now
run, with relays of horses at the different stages. The best places
are the cabriolet and the coupe; and travellers should secure their
seats in good time.
Extra-Post. The usual tariff in Austria for a carriage and pair
for four persons with moderate luggage is about 5 fl. per stage of
15 kilometres (9% Engl. M.). For a party of four persons posting
is cheaper than travelling by diligence, and of course pleasanter. —
In engaging Pbivate Carriages, the stipulation should always be
made that the fare includes all tolls.
Little variation occurs in the accommodation and charges of first-
class hotels in the principal towns and watering-places throughout
Austria and Hungary; but it frequently happens that in old-fashioned
hotels of unassuming exterior the traveller finds as much real com¬
fort as in the modern establishments, while the charges are lower.
The best houses of both descriptions are therefore enumerated.
Where the traveller remains for a week or more at a hotel, it,
is advisable to pay, or at least call for his account every two or three'
days, in order that errors may be at once detected. Verbal reckon¬
ings are objectionable. A waiter's arithmetic is faulty, and his
mistakes are seldom in favour of the traveller. It is also objection¬
able to delay paying one's bill till the last moment, when errors
or wilful impositions must be submitted to for want of time to in¬
vestigate them. Those who intend starting early in the morning
will do well to ask for their bills on the previous evening.
A feature of many of the Austrian inns is the ' Qastzimmer' for
the humbler classes on the groundfloor, while the 'Salle & Manger'