OUTLINE OF ENGLISH HISTORY.
stone. Should the traveller elect to go northward from Liverpool, he may
visit the English Lakes, Carlisle, the Land of Burns, the Scottish Lakes, the
Highlands, and so to John o' Groat's House; returning by Aberdeen, Perth,
Edinburgh, Newcastle, York, Cambridge, etc. The Continental cyclist, land¬
ing at Dover, Harwich, or any of the other usual steamboat harbours,
may also begin his riding at once.
The cyclist who contemplates even the shortest tour in Great Britain
will find it decidedly advantageous to become a member of the Cyclists'
Touring Club, which now possesses nearly 25,000 members. It has a re¬
sident Chief Consul in the United States (Mr. F. W. Weston, Savin Hill,
Boston) and also a Chief Consul for Continental Europe (Mr. S. A. Stead,
30 St. George's Avenue, Tufnell Park, London, N.). The entrance fee of
this club is is., and the annual subscription 2s. Gd. American cyclists who
wish to become members may apply to Mr. Weston. Should they arrive in
England without having been enrolled, they should communicate with the
secretary (Mr. E. R. Shipton, 139 Fleet St., London, E.C.), who, should
their credentials be satisfactory, will send them a provisional certificate
of membership on payment of an additional fee of 2s. 6d. The new member
should then at once buy the Handbook of the C. T. C. (Is.; sold to members
only). This contains a list of 2000 hotels throughout the country, which
charge members of the Club a reduced tariff; the addresses of nearly
1000 consuls (i.e. local resident wheelmen, who are pledged to help their
fellow-members by information and advice); the names of over 2000 cycle
repairers; and much other useful information. The Club has published a
Road Book of the Continent, and is preparing one of Great Britain.
VII. Outline of English History.
The following sketch of English history may prove useful for
reference in connection with the interesting historical associations
which crowd upon the traveller at every step.
Roman Period (B.C. 55-A. D. 445).
B. C. 55-54. Of Britain before its first invasion by Julius Caesar in
B. C. 55 there is no authentic history. Csesar repeats his invasion in B. C.
54, but makes no permanent settlement.
43 A. D. Emp. Claudius undertakes the subjugation of Britain.
78-85. Britain, with part of Caledonia, is overrun by the Roman general
Agricola, and reduced to the form of a province.
412. Roman legions recalled from Britain by Honorius.
445. The Britons, deprived of their Roman protectors, are unable to
resist the attacks of the Picts, and summon the Saxons, under Hengist and
Horsa, to their aid.
Anglo-Saxon Period (445-1066).
445-577. The Saxons, re-inforced by the Angles, Jutes, and other
Germanic tribes, gradually overrun Britain and thus lay the foundations
of the kingdom of England. To this period belong the semi-mythical ex¬
ploits of King Arthur and his knights.
5S8-685. The Northumbrian Kingdom. Christianity re-introduced by
St. Augustine (597). Caedmon (about 665).
685-828. The Three Kingdoms (Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex). The
Venerable Bede (d. 735).
828. Egbert of Wessex recognized as overlord of all English kingdoms.
835-871. Contests with the Danes, who repeatedly invade England.
871-901. Alfred the Great defeats the Danes, and compels them to
make peace. Creates navy, establishes militia, revises laws, re-organises
institutions, is a patron of learning, and himself an author.
979-1016. Ethelred the Unready draws down upon England the ven¬
geance of the Danes by a massacre of those who had settled in England.
1013. The Danish king Sweyn conquers England.
1016-1035. Canute the Great, the son of Sweyn, reigns over England.