SPORTS AND PASTIMES.
in others fishing is granted as a favour only, and the general public are
entirely excluded. Slapton Lea (p. 133) merits notice, as the lake is close
to the sea, and salt and fresh water fishing can be had within a stone's
throw of each other. Deep-sea fishing can be indulged in at any of the
seaside resorts, but it is useless for the stranger to try it without a
Shooting. Though a few hotels advertise the right of shooting over a
considerable area as open to their visitors, this is seldom of much account;
and this pastime is practically confined to the owners and hirers of shootings
and their friends.
Aquatics. Boating is practised on all rivers wide and deep enough.
The beauties of the Thames are well-known, and a favourite trip is to
descend from Oxford to London by boat (see p. 218). The chief rowing
fixture of the year is Henley Regatta (p. 220). — The Yachting season
begins on the Thames and ends with the regattas on the Devonshire Coast in
September. Comp. pp. 75,131. — Sailing on the Norfolk Broads, see p. 449.
Cricket is played everywhere, and the visitor who makes a prolonged
stay will find no difficulty in joining a club. The best cricket is to be
seen at Lord's and the Oval in London (see Baedeker's London), on the
grounds of the 'first-class' counties, and at Oxford and Cambridge. The
leading counties are Nottingham, Surrey, York, Lancashire, Middlesex,
Kent, Sussex, and Gloucester. The cricket weeks at Canterbury (p. 25; in
Aug.) and at Scarborough (p. 419; Sept.) also deserve notice. The Mary-
lebone Club (at Lord's) is the chief governing body in the cricket world.
Lawn Tennis. Courts open to strangers on payment are found here
and there in old skating-rinks, drill-halls, public gardens, etc., but as a
Tule this game cannot be seen to perfection except in the grounds of clubs
or private persons. Tournaments, open to visitors on payment, take place
in London, Buxton, Leamington, Torquay, and many other centres. Tennis
lawns are often attached to the large hotels in fashionable resorts.
Lack of space forbids more than a mere mention of the following sports
and pastimes, all more or less popular in England: Polo, Archery, Football,
Hockey, Otter-hunting, Golf, and La Crosse.
Cycling (communicated by Mr. E. R. Shipton). Cycling prospers to
an amazing degree in Britain, where it is estimated that there are about
"500,000 cyclists, men and women, while about 50,000 hands derive employ¬
ment, directly or indirectly, from the manufacture and sale of bicycles and
tricycles. The English roads, though inferior to some of the 'chaussees'
of the Continent, are upon the whole above the average; and the American
cyclist will probably find them far better adapted to his requirements than
the ordinary highways of the United States. Speaking roughly, cycling
in Britain is circumscribed only by the area of the island; but as a general
rule the gradients of the roads inland will be found less severe than those
along the coast, while their surfaces are also generally better. The
roads of England and Scotland are usually preferable to those of Wales
and Ireland. The tourist, however, should not plan his route without
regard to the configuration of the country, a knowledge of which is best
attained by consulting a good map. [Black's map on the scale of 4 miles
to an inch, mounted on linen, is portable and well adapted to the cyclist's
use; it may be obtained in sections (at 2s. Gd. per sheet) from Messrs.
Collins, New Bridge St., Blackfriars, London, S.E., or from any bookseller.]
The American traveller who lands at Liverpool and has either brought
his machine with him or has arranged to have one sent to meet him majr
•profitably begin riding at once. If he turn to the S., he mayjproceed via
Chester, Stafford, and Birmingham to Coventry, whence he may diverge to
take in Stratford-on-Avon, Kenilworth, and Leamington, continuing the jour¬
ney to London either direct or via Oxford. Should time admit, the run
may be continued to Reading, Bristol, and through Mid-Devon to the
Land's End; or in shorter stages, as befits the roads, along the beautiful
coast of North Devon. From Cornwall he may return to London via. Ply¬
mouth and Exeter; or he may skirt the S. coast to Southampton, Brighton,
and Ramsgale, running thence to London through Canterbury and Maid-