many of the large commercial and industrial centres the require¬
ments of the 'uncommercial traveller' are very inadequately met.
When ladies are of the party, it is advisable to frequent the best
hotels, as the charges of the second-best are often not appreciably
lower, while the comforts are considerably less. Gentlemen
travelling alone, however, will often find comfortable accommo¬
dation at a moderate rate in smaller inns of quite unassuming
appearance. — Temperance Hotels, i.e. houses in which no intoxi¬
cating liquors are supplied, abound throughout the country. Their
charges are moderate, but as a general rule their cuisine and fitting
up do not entitle them to rank higher than second-class.
The average charges in a first-class hotel are as follows: room 2s.
6d.-4s.; attendance Is. Gd.; plain breakfast Is. Gd., with ham and eggs or
meat 2s.-2s. Gd., with fish 2s. 6d.-3s.; table d'hote dinner 4-5$.; tea, same
charges as for breakfast; hot bath Is., cold bath in bedroom 6d. As a
rule the price of dinner, whether table d'hote or a coffee-room dinner of
3-6 courses, may be approximately stated as equal to the charge for room
and attendance. No charge is made for lights. 'Pension' as used throughout
the Handbook includes board, lodging, and attendance; D. means table
d'hote dinner. At many hotels in watering-places, it is customary to
supply breakfast also on the table-d'hote system, at a charge of 2s. 6d.-3s.
Luncheon is generally ordered a la carte; for bread and cheese the or¬
dinary charge is Is. The head-waiter, who presents the bill, and the
'boots' expect a gratuity when the visitor leaves; but the services of the
former are, strictly speaking, included in 'attendance'.
As compared with Continental hotels, English hotels may be said
as a rule to excel in beds, cleanliness, and sanitary arrangements, while
their cuisine is on the whole inferior. The English table d'hote dinner is
usually dear and seldom so good as its prototype on the Continent; while the
culinary art of hotels off the beaten track of tourists scarcely soars beyond
the preparation of plain joints, steaks, chops, vegetables, and puddings.
Those, however, who are content with simple but substantial fare will
find little to complain of. Beer is the customary beverage (2-3<J. per
glass, 4-6d. per pint or tankard), but wine is more usual at fashionable
tables d'hote, where beer is sometimes not supplied except in bottles and
at higher rates. Restaurants are not nearly so common in England as
on the Continent, and in most provincial places it is better to go to a
hotel for meals. The dining-room is called the Coffee Room. Smoking is
not permitted except in the Smoking Room and the Billiard Room. Re¬
freshments ordered in either of the last are generally paid for on the spot.
Billiard-rooms are not usually found at second-class hotels except in large
towns; the charge is Gd. per game of 50 points.
In all first-class hotels the visitor has a right to expect a high degree
of comfort; and he need have no hesitation in requiring such small
conveniences as hot water in the morning and before table d'hote, an
abundant supply of towels, pen and ink in his bedroom, etc. In hotels
not lighted throughout with gas there should be a supply of bedroom-
candles on every floor, and not merely at the foot of the staircase. Station
hotels are sometimes convenient, but often noisy. At some of the fashion¬
able spas (Harrogate, Buxton, etc.) it is usual to make a fixed charge
per day, covering everything; and if visitors do not wish to be tied
down to the hotel-meals they should make a special agreement.
The Hydropathic Establishments, now so numerous in the popular
tourist-districts of England, Wales, and Scotland, are frequented by pleasure-
seekers as much as by patients, and may almost be described as large
temperance hotels, in which the guests take their meals in common at
prescribed hours and submit to various other general regulations. The
hydropathic treatment may be followed or not, as the visitor pleases. The
usual charge is about 8-10s. a day or 2V2-3 guineas a week.