PLAN OF TOUR.
steamers run between the chief sea-bathing resorts and the near¬
est large towns, and small pleasure-steamers ply on some of the
lakes in the Lake District and on a few of the prettier rivers, par¬
ticularly in the S. of England fcomp. pp. 133, 142, 145, 448).
Steamers to the Isle of Man, see p. 340; to Scotland, see p. 462;
to the Isle of Wight, see p. 67; to the Channel Islands, see p. 84.
IV. Plan of Tour.
The plan of tour must depend entirely on the traveller's taste
and the time he has at his disposal. It may, however, be stated
here that all the attractions of the island cannot possibly be visited
in the course of a single summer. Among the most attractive dis¬
tricts are the English Lakes f R. 48); Edinburgh and the Scottish
Highlands fRR. 64, 66-69); North Wales (R. 40); Devon and
Cornwall fRR. 17-21); South Wales fRR. 25-29) and the Valley
of the Wye (R. 22); the Shakespeare Country (RR. 33, 34); the
Derbyshire Peak fR. 45); Surrey (R. 8) ; the Isle of Wight (R. 10);
and the Channel Islands (R. 12). A glance at the map will show
which groups can be most easily combined; but it should be re¬
membered that even the most widely separated districts are brought
comparatively near each other by the admirable and speedy service
of the railway-system. One of the most characteristic and in¬
teresting features of England consists in its cathedral cities, a
round of which alone makes a most delightful tour, while a visit
to two or three can easily be added to an excursion in any of the
districts above named, the map again helping to decide. Among
the more important cathedrals may be mentioned those of Canter¬
bury fp. 25), Lincoln fp. 426), York fp. 406), Salisbury (p. 99),
Durham fp. 411), Ely fp. 440), Gloucester (p. 170), Norwich
fp. 445), Lichfield fp. 347), Peterborough fp. 362), Winchester
(p. 77) , and Wells fp. 123); but many of the others are of nearly
equal interest. Those who can manage it should not omit a visit
to either Oxford fR. 32) or Cambridge (R. 56), or both.
The pedestrian is unquestionably the most independent of travellers,
and in exploring the Scottish and Welsh mountains he will have many
advantages over the traveller by rail or coach. For a short tour a couple
of flannel shirts, a pair of worsted stockings, slippers, the articles of the
toilet, a light waterproof, and a stout umbrella will generally be found a
sufficient equipment. Strong and well-tried boots are essential to com¬
fort. Heavy and complicated knapsacks should be avoided; a light pouch
or game-bag is far less irksome, and its position may be shifted at plea¬
sure. A more extensive reserve of clothing should not exceed the limits
of a small portmanteau, which may be forwarded from town to town by
railway. The sheets of the Ordnance Survey, published at a very moderate
price, will be found invaluable for the pedestrian (see p. xxxii). — For
hints to cyclists, see p. xxv.
The first-class hotels in the principal towns, fashionable water¬
ing places, and most frequented tourist-resorts throughout England
and Wales are generally good and somewhat expensive ; but in