to Quebec and Montreal, and every alternate Tues. from Liverpool to St.
John's, Halifax, and Baltimore. Saloon 10-20?*.; intermediate Ggt. Also
to New York weekly (Wilson-Hill Line).
Gaion Line. Weekly steamers between New York and Liverpool.
Cabin fare 10-26/.; children under 12 years, half-fare.
State Line. Weekly steamers between New York and Glasgow. Saloon
6 to 8gt.
Dominion Line. From Liverpool weekly and from Bristol fortnightly
in summer to Quebec and Montreal; in winter from Liverpool fortnightly
to Halifax and Portland. Saloon 10-18?*.; intermediate G-8gs.
The average duration of the passage across the Atlantic is 8-IOY2 days.
The best time for crossing is in summer. Passengers should pack clothing and
other necessaries for the voyage in small flat boxes or portmanteaus, such
as can lie easily in the cabin, as all bulky luggage is stowed away in the
hold. State-room trunks should not exceed 3 ft. in length, 2 ft. in breadth,
and i'/i ft. in height. Dress for the voyage should be of a plain and ser¬
viceable description, and it is advisable, even in midsummer, to be pro¬
vided with warm clothing. A deck-chair, which may be purchased at the
dock or on the steamer before sailing (from Is. upwards), is a luxury that
may almost be called a necessary (eomp. p. 324). It may be left in charge
of the Steamship Co.'s agents until the return-journey. On going on
board, the traveller should apply to the purser or chief steward for seats
at table, as the same seats are retained throughout the voyage. It is
usual to give a fee of 10s. (2x/2 dollars) to the table-steward and to the
state-room steward, and small gratuities are also expected by the boot-
cleaner, the bath-steward, etc. The state-room steward should not be
'tipped' until he has brought all the passenger's small baggage safely on
to the landing-stage or tender. — Landing at Liverpool, see pp. 324, 330.
Routes from England to the Continent. The following are the
favourite routes between London and the Continent: —
From Dover to Calais, thrice daily, in IV4-IV2 hr.; cabin 8*. Gd., steerage
6s. 6d. (Railway from London to Dover, or vice versd, in 2-4 hrs.; fares
20s. or 18s. Gd., 15s. or 13s. Gd., Gs. 9d. or 6s. S'/zd.)
From Folkestone to Boulogne, twice daily, in i^jt-2 hrs.; cabin 8s., steerage
6s. (Railway from London to Folkestone in 2-4 hrs.; fares same as to Dover,
except 3rd class, which is 6s.)
From Dover to Ostend, thrice daily, in 4-5 hrs.; cabin 15s., fore-cabin 10s.
From London to Ostend, twice weekly, in 12 hrs. (6 hrs. at sea); 10s.,
From London to Rotterdam, twice a week, in 18-20 hrs. (9-10 hrs. at
sea); 20s. or 16s.
From Harwich to Rotterdam, daily (Sundays excepted), in 11-12 hrs.;
railway from London to Harwich in 2-3 hrs. (fares 13s. 3d., 10s., 5s. ll'^d.);
fare from London to Rotterdam, 26s. or 15s.
From London to Antwerp, every Sat., in 16 hrs. (8-9 hrs. of which are
on the open sea); 15s. or lis.
From Harwich to Antwerp, daily (Sundays excepted), in 12-13 hrs. (train
from London to Harwich in 2-3 hrs.); 26s. or 15s. (from London).
From Harwich to Hamburg, twice weekly (train from London to Har¬
wich in 2-3 hrs.); fares from London il. 17s. Gd., il. 15s. 9d., U. 5s. 9d.
From London to Bremen, twice a week, in 36-40 hrs.; il. 10s., 15s., or 10s.
From London to Hamburg, thrice weekly, in 36-40 hrs.; 1/. 10s. or I J.
From Queenborough to Flushing, twice daily (Sundays excepted), in 8 hrs.
(5 hrs. at sea); train from London to Queenborough in V/t hr., from Flushing
to Amsterdam in 6-9 hrs.; through-fare 33s. Gd. or 20s. lid.
From Newhaven to Dieppe, daily, in 6-8 hrs.; 17«. 7d. or 13s. Id. (Rail
from London to Newhaven, or vice versd, in 2-3 hrs.; fares lis. 3d., 7s.
10d., and 4s. 8>/2d.)
On the longer voyages (10 hrs. and upwards), or when special attention
has been required, the steward expects a gratuity of Is. or more, according
to circumstances. Food and liquors are supplied on board all the steam¬
boats at fixed, charges, but the viands are often not very inviting. An official
Interpreter accompanies the chief trains on the Dover and Folkestone routes.