Allan Line. From Liverpool every Thursday to Halifax and Portland,
and every alternate Tuesday to St. John's, Halifax, and Baltimore. Saloon
10-iSgs.; intermediate Ggs.
Guion Line. Weekly steamers between New Y/ork and Liverpool.
Cabin fare 10-25/.; children under 12 years, half-fare.
State Line. Weekly steamers between New York and Glasgow. Saloon
6 to 8gs.
Dominion Line. Weekly steamers from Liverpool to Halifax and Port¬
land; fortnightly from and to Bristol. Saloon 10-15c/s.; intermediate 6gs.
Monarch Line. Regular communication between London and New York.
Saloon 12 or 15f/s.; second cabin Igs.; steerage 4/. 5s.
Great Western Steamship Line. Eegular communication between Bristol
and Xew York, and Bristol and Montreal. Saloon 12gs.; return 21gs.
The average duration of the passage across the Atlantic is 8-IOV2 days.
The best time for crossing is in summer. Passengers should pack clothing and
other necessaries for the voyage in small tlat boxes or portmanteaus, such
as can lie easily in the cabin, as all bulky luggage is stowed away in the
hold. Dress for the voyage should be of a plain and serviceable description,
and it is advisable, even in midsummer, to be provided with warm
clothing. The steward's fee and other customarv gratuities amount to
5-10 dollars (1-2/.).
Routes from England to the Continent. The following are the
favourite routes between London and the Continent: —
From Dover to Calais, thrice daily, in l'/4 hr.; cabin 8s. 6c/., steerage
6s. 6c/. (Railway from London to Dover, or vice versa, in 2-4 hrs.; fares
20s. or 18s. 6c/., 15s. or 13s. 6c/., 6s. 9c/. or 6s. Wfad.)
From Folkestone to Boulogne, twice daily, in l'/a-2 hrs.; cabin 8s., steerage
6s. (Railway from London to Folkestone in 2-4 hrs.; fares same as to Dover,
except 3rd class, which is 6s.)
From Dover to Ostend, twice daily, but once only on Saturdays and
Sundays, in 4-5hrs.; cabin 15s., steerage 10s.
From London to Boulogne, 5 times weekly, in 10hrs.; 10s. or 7s.
From London to Ostend, twice weekly, in 12 hrs. (6hrs. at sea); 18s., 14s.
From London to Calais, twice a week, in 10 hrs.; 12s. or 8s. 6c/.
From London to Rotterdam, thrice a week, in 18-20 hrs. (9-10 hrs. at
sea); 20s. or 16s.
From Harwich to Rotterdam, daily (Sundays excepted), in 11-12 hrs.;
railway from London to Harwich in 2-3 hrs. (lares 13s. 3d., 10s., 5s. illfad.);
fare from London to Rotterdam, 26s. or 15s.
From London to Antwerp, thrice a week, in 16 hrs. (8-9 hrs. of which
are on the open sea); 24s. or 16s.
From Harwich to Antwerp, daily (Sundays excepted), in 12-13 hrs. (train
from London to Harwich in 2-3 hrs.); 26s. or 15s. (from London).
From London to Bremerhafen, twice a week, in 36-40 hrs.; 21. or 1/.
From London to Hamburg, 5 times weekly, in 36-40 hrs.; 2/. 5s. or [I. 9s.
From Qjueenborough to Flushing, twice daily (Sundays excepted), in 8hrs.
(5 hrs. at sea); train from London to Queenborough in IV2 hr., from Flushing
to Amsterdam in 6-9 hrs.; through-fare 33s. 6c/. or 20s. lie/.
From Newhaven to Dieppe, daily, in 6-8 hrs.; 16s. or lis. 6c/. (Rail from
London to Newhaven, or vice versa, in 2-3 hrs.; fares 13s. 9c/. or lis. 3c/.,
10s. 6c/. or 7s. 10d., and 4s. &fad.)
On the longer voyages (10 hrs. and upwards), or when special attention
has been required, the steward expects a gratuity of Is. or more, according
to circumstances. Food and liquors are supplied on board all the steam¬
boats at fixed charges, but the viands are often not very inviting.
III. Railways. Coaches. Steamboats.
Railways. In proportion to area and population, the railway-
system of Great Britain is more extensive than that of any other
country in Europe, Belgium excepted. The length of lines in
operation amounts to nearly 17,000 M., of which 14,000 M. are in