I. Money. Expenses. Passports. Custom House. Time.
Money. In Great Britain alone of the more important states
of Europe the currency is arranged without much reference to the
decimal system. The English Gold coins are the sovereign or
pound (7. = livre) equal to 20 shillings, and the half-sovereign.
The Silver coins are the crown (5 shillings), the half-crown, the
double florin (4 shillings), the florin (2 shillings), the shilling (s.),
and the sixpenny, four-penny (now rare), and three-penny pieces.
The Bronze coinage consists of the penny (d., Lat. denarius), of
which 12 make a shilling, the halfpenny, and the farthing (i/i d.).
The Guinea, a sum of 21s., though- still used in reckoning, is no
longer in circulation as a coin. A sovereign is approximately equal
to 5 American dollars, 25 francs, 20 German marks, or 10 .\ustrian
florins. The Bank of England issues notes for 5, 10, 20, 50, and
100 pounds, and upwards. These are useful in paying large sums;
but for ordinary use, as change is not always readily procured,
gold is preferable. The number of each note should be taken
down in a pocket-book, for the purpose, in the event of its being
lost or stolen, of stopping payment of it at the Bank, and thus
possibly recovering it. Foreign Money does not circulate in Eng¬
land, and it should always be exchanged on arrival. A convenient
and safe mode of carrying money from America or the Continent is
in the shape of letters of credit, or circular notes, which are readily
procurable at the principal banks. A larger sum than will suffice
for the day's expenses should never be carried on the person, and
gold and silver coins of a similar size (e.g. sovereigns and shillings)
should not be kept in the same pocket.
Expenses. The cost of a visit to Great Britain depends of course
on the habits and tastes of the traveller. If he frequents first-class
hotels, travels first-class in the railways, and systematically prefers
driving to walking, he must be prepared to spend 30-40s. a day or
upwards. Persons of moderate requirements, however, will have
little difficulty, with the aid of the information in the Handbook,
in travelling comfortably with a daily expenditure of 20-25s., while
the pedestrian of moderate requirements may reduce his expenses
to 10-15s. per diem, or even less in some of the remoter districts.
Passports. These documents are not necessary in England,
though sometimes useful in procuring delivery of registered and
poste restante letters. A visa is quite needless.
Baedeker's Great Britain. h