130 Section 5. BERLIN. Ethnograph. Museum:
of negroes in armour; chiefs with their retinues, and white war¬
riors (probably dating from the 16th or 17th cent.); animals of
various kinds, etc. They should be compared with the ivory carv¬
ings in Cabinet 22 (to the left) and with the brass ornaments and
painted wooden figures from the Slave Coast in Cabinet 263 (to the
right of the entrance to R. III). In a case in front of the latter
are gold ornaments brought by Wissmann from Kilwa.
Room II. Further collections from the East Coast of Africa.
Room III. Oceania. This collection is the most complete in
existence, and contains objects from the time of Cook's (d. 1779)
voyages onwards. Near the entrance: New Zealand; on the hack
wall are old carvings. — To the right: Polynesia (Tahiti, Hawaii,
Samoa, etc.). On these islands metal vessels, bows and arrows,
woven cloth, and pottery are unknown, their place being taken by
clubs, plaited mats and stuffs made from the fibres of the paper
mulberry-tree, and wooden utensils and calabashes made from
bottle-gourds. — Microuesiu (Caroline and Marshall Islands, etc.).
The weapons studded with sharks' teeth (comp. R. IV) and the native
armour of cocoanut fibre should be noticed. — To the left: New
Holland and Melanesia (the chain of islands stretching from New
Guinea to New Caledonia). In Cabs. 81, 55, and 53 are carved
boards and masks, and costumes of the Duk-Duk secret society of
the Bismarck Archipelago, made of tufts of leaves. Cabs. 70 & 71
contain carved clubs shaped like the old flint-muskets in use at
the time of the discovery of the islands, glazed utensils (the only
ones found in the South Sea), and objects nsed at cannibal feasts,
from the Fiji Islands. — The following rooms are closed at present.
Room IV. New Guinea, especially Kaiser Wilhelm's Land.
Room V. Central and South America. To the right: South
American Indians, including curiosities from Gran Chaco (feather
ornaments) and the upper Xingu, in Central Brazil. — The rest of
the room is devoted to antiquities and relics of the extinct civilised
nations of America, from Mexico, Yucatan, and Peru, the last
being especially valuable. The table-case near the exit contains
Mexican turquoise mosaics and calendar-stones.
Room VI. Large collection of *Peruvian Antiquities from the
burial-ground of Ancon, to the N. of Lima; swathed mummies.
Room VII. North America. To the right are models of the
fortress-like dwellings of the Pueblo Indians. To the left some
more antiquities from Central and South America (see R. V).
Then, objects from North-West America, collected in 1881-83 by
Captain Jacobsen (including numerous dancing-masks and carved
figures of the Kwakiutl tribe); below the windows to the left,
paintings by Sioux Indians.
To the Second Floor we may ascend to the right or left of
the court. On the right staircase are Chinese state-halberds and a