72 Section 3.
1. First Floor.
The domed and vaulted * Rotunda, which we first enter, is
distinguished by the harmony and effectiveness of its proportions.
It contains the first part of the *Gallery of Antiquities, which
is chiefly indebted for its origin to Frederick the Great, who pur¬
chased at Rome the collection of Cardinal Polignac. Most of its
contents were formerly of mediocre merit, dating from the later
Roman Empire, and freely restored, but the purchase of the Saburow
collection of Attic sculptures in 1884 and other acquisitions have
placed the gallery upon quite a different footing. Most of the
objects are labelled. Large Illustrated Catalogue of the Antique
Sculptures, 1891 (25 JL).
Between the columns of the Rotunda, which support the gallery
(with the Raphael tapestry, see p. 88), are statues (partially freely
restored): to the left, *7. Amazon, after Polycletus; 215. Meleager
(copy of a Greek work of the 4th century). — From the Rotunda
we enter the —
Hall of the Heroes, in eleven compartments distinguished by
numbers below the windows. The sculptures here are mostly of
marble. Comp. XXI (at the end, to the right): 221. Polyhymnia (after
an original of the Pergamenian school); 363. Head of Antinous:
218. Euterpe; 1486. Torso in the Pergamenian style. — Comp. XX:
*208. Dancing Maenad, a Greek work of the time of the Diadochi
(torso); by the window, to the left, 610. Head of a Maenad, copy
of a Greek original of the 4th cent.; under glass, 76a. Head of
Athene with traces of colouring, after the Parthenos of Phidias.
— The Etruscan Cabinet, adjoining this compartment on the S.,
contains a number of sarcophagi and urns with the figures of the
dead represented in a recumbent position on the lid (notably
No. 1261, to the left) and house-urns (notably 1242, opp. the en¬
trance). To the left, 1262. Proserpina enthroned; in front, 734.
Greek painting on marble (6th cent.). The large richly painted
sarcophagus in the middle of the room dates from the 6th century.
— Comp. XIX: 262. Dancing Satyr (3rd cent. B. C.); Lion in Pentelic
marble (4th cent.); by the window, to the left, 28. Aphrodite (torso),
a replica of the Venus de' Medici. — Comp. XVIII: 494. Girl playing
with astragali; 591. Calliope; 222. Urania; by the window, to the
left, *384. Bust of Caracalla; to the right, *Head of a negro (from
Greece). — Comp. XIV: 4. Statue of a boy, in bronze, found in 1858
in the Rhine, near Xanten; *300. Portrait-herma of Plato, with
inscription; 843h. Roman sarcophagus, with scenes from the legend
of Medea; opposite, 298. Socrates; by the window, to the left, 399b.
Portrait-head of a Roman boy; 295. Bust of Herodotus; hy the
window, to the right, *Bust of a noble Roman boy (early imperial
epoch). — Comp. XIII. By the window, 316, 317. Greek portrait-