1861. Mexican expedition.
1870. War with Prussia.
19th July. Declaration of war.
Battles of Weissenburg (4th Aug.) , Worth (6th Aug.),
Spichern (6th Aug.), Metz (14th, 16th, and 18th Aug.),
Beaumont (30th Aug.).
1st Sept. Battle of Sedan. Surrender of Napoleon III.
4th Sept. Proclamation of the Republic.
27th Sept. Capitulation of Strasbourg.
27th Oct. Capitulation of Met-.-.
2nd—4th Dec. Battles near Orleans.
1871. 19th Jan. Battle of St. Quentin.
28th Jan. Capitulation of Paris.
1st March. Entry of German troops into Paris.
18th March. Communist Insurrection.
2nd April. Second siege of Paris.
10th May. Peace of Frankfort.
25th .May. Paris occupied by the Government troops.
No city in the world has ever witnessed such gigantic
improvements as Paris under the last re'gime. Dense masses
of houses and numbers of tortuous streets were replaced by broad
boulevarts, spacious squares, and palatial edifices. Public works
of colossal magnitude were undertaken, whilst those begun
in former reigns were brought to a successful completion. Em¬
bellishments on the most extensive scale were effected in the
public parks and gardens , and, what is of incalculable importance.
the city was thoroughly well drained, lighted, paved, and supplied
with water. Paris still reaps the benefit of many of these
Napoleonic improvements, but it need hardly be said, that the
irreparable losses it has recently sustained have deprived it of
much of its former attractiveness.
Population. According to the last census (Jan.. 1873) Paris
contained 1,851,792 (665,000 in 1788) souls, exclusive of Foreign
residents. The Germans settled at Paris (80,000) and in other parts
of France were expelled in 1870 after the first calamities of the
French armies, in violation of the principles of international law.
About one-third of the births are illegitimate. The number of
Protestants is estimated at 62,000, Jews 20,000, dissentient
30,000, the remainder being Roman Catholics.
Extent. The circumference of Paris is upwards of 21 miles ;
its area about 25 sq. miles. The Boulevard de Sevastopol, the
longest street, is about 2 M. in length.
Revenues. The budget of the city of Paris for 1874 amounts
to 226,650,721 fr., the expenditure being equal to the receipts.
The following items deserve mention. For educational purposes
9,765,000 fr. ; maintenance of the poor 15,039,000 fr. ; promenades
and works of art 7,145,OOOfr. ; lighting of streets 5,053,000fr. Paris