The expense of a visit to Paris depends of course on the tastes
and habits of the traveller. If he selects a hotel of a high class,
dines at the table d'hote, or perhaps the 'Diner de Paris', partakes
of wine of good though not extravagant quality, visits the theatres,
and finally indulges in suppers a la carte, he must be prepared to
spend at least 30 fr. a day. Those however, who visit Paris for its
monuments, its galleries, its collections, and not for its pleasures,
will have little difficulty, with the aid of the information in the
Handbook, in limiting their expenditure to 15—20 fr. a day. It
need hardly be observed, that, in a city where luxury is raised to a
science, and where temptations to extravagance meet one at every
step, each traveller must be his own mentor.
Passports. The obnoxious passport system was revived after
the war of 1870—71, but has recently been again abolished. A
passport, however, must be shown by the traveller when he applies
for registered letters, and is often useful in procuring him admission
to museums and galleries on the days when they are not open to the
public. The visa of a French ambassador or consul is now unneces¬
sary. Application for passports may be made to W. J. Adams , 59
Fleet Street; Lee and Carter, 440 Strand; E. Standford , 6 Cha¬
ring Cross; or Letts and Co., 8 Royal Exchange.
Custom House. In order to prevent the risk of unpleasant de¬
tention at the 'douane' or custom-house, travellers are strongly re¬
commended to avoid carrying with them any articles that are not
absolutely necessary. Cigars and tobacco are chiefly sought for by
the custom-house officers. Six cigars and about an ounce of tobacco
only are free of duty. Each cigar above six pays a duty of 10 c.
Books and newspapers occasionally give rise to suspicion and may in
certain cases be confiscated.
II. History and Statistics.
History. At the time of the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar.
the Parisii were a tribe settled on the banks of the Sequana or
Seine, and their chief town was Lutetia, situated on the present is¬
land of La Citi.
The first event worthy of mention was the introduction of
Christianity by St. Denis the Areopagite, who, according to tradi¬
tion, suffered martyrdom on Montmartre about the year 250.
Constantius Chlorus is said to have founded the Palais des
Thermes (p. 147) between 292 and 306.
Julian resided at Lutetia in 360. The name of the town was
then changed to Parisii, and political franchises were granted to it.
In the vicinity of Paris, Gratian was defeated and slain by
Maximus in 383.