Laplace, the mathematician. A second row consists of the
painter David, Cuvier, Lafayette, Voltaire, Rousseau, and the
physician Bichat. To the r., beside a figure emblematic of
History, are soldiers of the republic and of the empire, among
them Bonaparte, as leader of the Italian army; behind him
a stern old grenadier leaning on his musket, emblematic of
In front of the entrance are two groups in sandstone by
Maindron, representing Ste. Genevieve inducing Attila, the leader
of the Huns, to abstain from devastating Paris, and the baptism
of the Franconian king Clovis by St. Remigius.
For the ascent of the Dome (see below) and the inspection
of the vaults two tickets must be procured here, the former
costing 30, the latter 50 c. One of the custodians in the 1. aisle
points out the way.
The interior consists of a spacious rotunda, flanked by a
gallery supported by Corinthian columns. The names of those
who fell in the revolution of 1830 were formerly engraved on
the pillars in gilded letters, but are now concealed by the new
wainscoting. The nave and transepts are adorned with copies of
eight of the frescoes in the Vatican by Raphael and Michael
The staircase leading to the Dome (accessible 11—5 o'clock
only; card of admission see above) is in the left transept.
The interior of the dome is first reached by 328 steps.
The visitor will here have an opportunity of inspecting the
painting by Gros, executed in 1824, for which the artist
received a remuneration of 100,000 fr. This fine composition,
which covers a superficies of 3698 sq. ft., represents Ste. Gene¬
vieve receiving homage from Clovis, the first Christian monarch
of France, Charlemagne, St. Louis, and Louis XVIII. In the
heavenly regions above are represented Louis XVI., Marie
Antoinette, Louis XVII., and Madame Elisabeth, the 'martyrs
of the revolution'.
A farther ascent of 94 steps leads to the gallery, which com¬
mands a magnificent and extensive view, but less picturesque
than the prospect from the Tour St. Jacques or that commanded
by Notre Dame, as from this point the course of the Seine and
the bridges are not visible.
The entrance to the Vaults (Caveaux; open 11—4!/.2 o'clock;
card of admission see above) is behind the high altar. They are
supported by 20 pillars, and are separated by immured walls into
Mirabeau was the first whose remains were deposited here,
April 5th, 1791. Near him was placed Marat, the most furious
of the Jacobins, who fell July 13th, 1793, by the hand of
Charlotte Corday. Subsequently, however, both the bodies were