19. PALAIS DU LUXEMBOURG. 143
David, Josephine Beauharnais, and others, were afterwards tempo¬
rarily confined. In 1795 the edifice received the name of Pa¬
lais du Directoire, subsequently that of Palais du Consulat. For
a time the Directory and the Consulate held their sittings here;
the latter, however, for a short period only, as Bonaparte re¬
moved to the Tuileries, Feb. 29th, 1800.
During the empire the palace was occupied by the senate,
and was termed Palais du Senat-Conservateur. After the resto¬
ration, and under Louis Philippe, the Chamber of Peers met here.
In March and April, 1848, the 'Commission du gouvernement pour
les travailleurs' under Louis Blanc and Albert ('Ouvrier') held their
Socialist meetings in the palace. From 1852 to 1870 it was again
styled Palais du Senat, that body having during the late Te'gime,
as under Napoleon I., held its sittings there.
The *Salle du Trdne, constructed and sumptuously decorated
in 1856, replaces the former Salle du Senat and Salle des Con¬
ferences. The walls are decorated with a series of large pictures
of scenes from the history of the Napoleons: 1. Napoleon I. elected
Emperor, by Signol; 2. He signs the Concordat, by Hesse;
3. Napoleon with the Invalids, by Couder; 4. He inspects the
flags captured at Austerlitz, by Philippoteaux. In the cupola,
Apotheosis of Napoleon I. and Triumph of Universal Suffrage,
by Alaux (7,500,000 votes for the late Emperor). Then,
5. Distribution of the eagles in the Champ de Mars in 1852,
by Pils; 6. Return of the Pope to Rome in 1849, by Benouville;
7. The Senate proclaiming the Empire, by Couder; 8. Napoleon III.
inspecting the progress of the New Louvre, by Gosse. In the
semi-cupolas above the centre of the hall: Triumph of Christianity,
and the Renaissance under the French kings, both by Lehmann.
The Galerie des Bustes, containing the busts of the senators of
the first empire, surrounds the Salle du Senat. The latter was
destroyed by fire in 1859, but was restored to its original form.
The lowest seats were reserved for princes, cardinals, and marshals ;
while the senators spoke from their respective seats. The visitor
is now conducted back to the Salle du Trone, and then to what was
formerly the Cabinet de VEmpereur, which contains the following
pictures : 1. Napoleon III. entering Paris from St. Cloud, by Couder;
2. His Nuptials, by Fleury; 3. Napoleon I. signs the Peace of
Campoformio, by Brisset; 4. The 18th Brumaire, by Vinchon. A
stair now descends to the Apartments of Queen Marie de Medicis.
The decorations of the Bed-Chamber of Marie de Medicis were
torn down and partially destroyed during the first revolution; some
of them, however, were afterwards discovered in a garret of the
Louvre. Louis XVIII. caused this apartment to be restored in
its former style in 1817. The decorations, which consist of
arabesques on a gold ground, are executed with great taste. The
paintings are of the school of Rubens. After the restoration,