LEFT BANK OF THE SEINE.
19. Palais du Luxembourg.
Garden. Ney's Monument. Observatory.
In the quarters of the city on the 1. bank of the Seine, the
Faubourg St. Marcel, Faubourg St. Jacques and St. Michel (Quar¬
tier Latin), and the Faubourg St. Germain, the principal objects of
interest are the Jardin des Plantes (p. 155), the Pantheon (p. 151),
and the Palais du Luxembourg, with its Gallery of Modern
Pictures. Of these, the last named deservedly holds the first
rank. Like the collections of the Louvre, it is open to the public
daily, Mondays excepted, from 10 to 4 o'clock. The garden is
accessible daily from sunrise to sunset. Visitors were formerly
admitted to the palace also (gratuity 1 fr. for one pers., 2—3 fr.
for a party), but it is now occupied by the offices of the Pre'fet
de la Seine, formerly at the Hotel de Ville, and is therefore
closed to the public.
This palace, the most extensive in Paris after the Louvre,
the Tuileries, and the Palais Royal, was erected and sumptuously
decorated in 1615 by Desbrosses, by order of Marie de Medicis.
Here, in the spring of 1621, Rubens sketched the designs of his
large pictures representing scenes from the queen's life, now in
the Louvre, which he afterwards executed at Antwerp with the
aid of his pupils, and exhibited in the halls of the Luxembourg
in 1625. The long gallery still contains frescoes by Jordaens,
Rubens' talented pupil.
The palace derives its appellation from the Duke of Pinay-
Luxembourg, whose mansion formerly occupied the same site;
various other names have been proposed, but have never been
Down to the revolution the palace continued to be a royal
residence, and immediately before that event was presented by
Louis XVI. to his brother the Count of Provence (Louis XVIII.),
who quitted it in June, 1791.
The Convention, which had selected the Tuileries for the seat
of its operations, converted the Luxembourg into a prison (especi¬
ally intended for the reception of members of noble families), in
which Hebert, Camille Desmoulins, Danton, Robespierre, the artist