will be found. From the meadow to the W. of the lake a view
of the Exercising-ground (with an Obelisk erected by Louis XV.)
and the Polygone is obtained. The Cascade which supplies the
lake is formed by the Ruisseau de Nogent and the Ruisseau des
Minimes; the latter, running towards the S., traverses one of
the most picturesque portions of the wood. In the vicinity of its
source, near the Redoute de la Faisanderie, is situated the plain
of the Camp of St. Maur.
Towards the E. the road from Joinville to Nogent leads to
the Rond de Beaute, so called on account of the beautiful view
it affords'of the valley of the Marne. Towards the S. the military
road passes behind the redoubts 'de la Faisanderie' and 'de Gra-
velle', and a farm which was until recently the model Ferme
Napoleon, the property of the late emperor. About 100 paces
to the W. of the Redoute de Gravelle is situated the Lac de
Gravelle. The Rond-Point de Gravelle commands a charming view
of the Marne and Seine.
The Lac de Gravelle is connected with the Lac de St. Mandi
by the Ruisseau de St. Mande, following the course of which the
stranger passes the Asile Imperial des Invalides Civils (to the 1.),
opened in 1857 for the reception of invalid workmen. The hollow
in which the Lac de St. Mande is situated is the most beautiful
spot in the entire park.
Those whose time is limited will have an opportunity of
seeing a portion of the park, if they avail themselves of one of
the omnibuses which run every hour in an E. direction from Vin¬
cennes to Nogent-sur-Marne and Joinville-le-Pont (in 3/4 hr.).
Nogent-sur-Marne contains several handsome country residences;
the first to the r. on leaving the railway-station belongs to
Marshal Vaillant, formerly minister of war. A railway-bridge of
nearly !/2 M. in length belonging to a branch of the Strasbourg
line crosses the Marne here. At Joinville-le-Pont issues the
Canal de St. Maur, a subterranean channel 650 yds. in length
and furnished with a towing path, accessible to foot-passengers.
By means of this canal, vessels navigating the Marne effect a
saving of nearly 15 M., by avoiding the long curve which the
river here describes. At the E. extremity a picturesque, green
valley is entered. Its peaceful and sequestered aspect affords
no indication of the proximity of the vast city. The name of
the village is Gravelle.
The celebrated lunatic asylum of Charenton, about ll/o M.
to the W. of this point, a spacious edifice situated on an eminence,
was newly fitted up in 1847. The number of patients is about
400, some of whom are received gratuitously by permission of
the Minister of the Interior, while others pay according to the
accommodation required. The relations and friends of patients
obtain access on Sundays and Thursdays if provided with a special