to whom a written application f should be addressed (postage
10 c, prepaid). Visitors are admitted on Saturdays only, 12—
The chateau contains few objects of interest, with the ex¬
ception of the view from the 'donjon', and the monument of the
The Place du Trdne forms the E. extremity of Paris, and is
situated 6 M. in a direct line from the Arc de l'Etoile, the W.
extremity of the city. Twelve different streets (boulevarts, avenues,
etc.) diverge hence.
On a throne erected here, Aug. 26th, 1660, Louis XIV. re¬
ceived the homage of the city of Paris, on the conclusion of the
peace of the Pyrenees, whence the present appellation of the
The two lofty, fluted Doric Columns of the Place du Tr6ne
were commenced in 1788, but not completed till 1847. Each is
adorned with two reliefs by Desbceufs and Simart, those towards
the city emblematic of Commerce and Industry, the others of
Victory and Peace. They are surmounted by statues in bronze of
St. Louis, by Etex, and Philip le Bel, by Dumont.
The chateau of Vincennes, founded in the 12th cent., was
subsequently fitted up as a royal residence. In 1740, under
Louis XV. , it was converted into a manufactory of porcelain
(removed 10 years later to Sevres), and afterwards into a weapon
manufactory. In 1832—44, under Louis Philippe, the chateau
was strongly fortified and furnished with extensive artillery depots.
Vincennes also possesses an Ecole de tir, where a number of
officers from every regiment are instructed in the use of the
newest fire-arms, and whence most of the recent improvements
in this department have emanated.
In former ages the chateau was long employed as a State-
prison. Out of a long list of illustrious persons confined within
its walls, may be mentioned: the king of Navarre (1574), Conde'
(1617), Mirabeau (1777), the Due d'Enghien (1804), the min¬
isters of Charles X. (1830), and the conspirators against the
National Assembly, Raspail, Barbes, Blanqui, Courtais, etc. (May
A melancholy interest attaches to the fortress from its having
been the scene of the execution of the unfortunate Due d'Enghien.
He was arrested by order of Napoleon, March 14th, 1804, on
German territory, whence he was conveyed to Vincennes, and
t A Monsieur le Commandant de TArtillerie du ler Arrondissement
(Est) a Vincennes: 'Monsieur, j'ai Thonneur de vous prier de vouloir bien
mautoriser a visiter le Chateau de Vincennes. Agreez, Monsieur, l'assu-
rance de la parfaite consideration de votre tres-humble serviteur.' Name,
address, and profession should be written very distinctly.