the founder of the Merovingian dynasty. He erected a church to
St. Peter and St. Paul, which he subsequently dedicated to Ste.
Genevieve who died in his reign. Few of the monarchs of this
or the subsequent dynasty resided at Paris.
Pepin, in 752, was the founder of the second or Carlovin-
Louis I. (Le Debonnaire), 814.
Charles II. (Le Chauve), 840. Paris sacked by the Normans,
857. — The subsequent monarchs neglected the city, and, when
it was again attacked by the Normans in 885, left it to its own
resources. This dynasty was therefore deposed, and the crown
given to Count 0 d o, who had been instrumental in repelling
the Normans. Under his descendant
Hugh Capet, 987, the city rapidly increased in magnitude,
and a palace, the present Palais de Justice, was commenced.
Robert (Le Pieux), 996.
Henry I., 1031. French crusades unde^fcdfrey de Bouillon.
Philip I., 1060. ^B
Louis VI. (Le Gros), 1108, founded a pBrce on the site of
Louis VII. (Le Jeune), 1137. His divorced wife, Eleanor of
Guienne and Poitou, married Henry Plantagenet, afterwards
Henry II. of England. Foundation-stone of Notre Dame laid by
Pope Alexander III. 1163. Suger, abbot of St. Denis, the king's
Philip II. (Auguste), 1180, considerably extended the city
and surrounded it with a wall and turrets. Third Crusade, 1189.
The English, Flemish, and German troops defeated at Bou-
Louis VIII. (Le Lion), 1223.
Louis IX. (St. Louis), 1226. Crusades to Egypt and Tunis.
Paris obtains various municipal privileges. The University found¬
ed by Robert Sorbon, 1250.
Philip III. (Le Hardi), 1270.
Philip IV. (Le Bel), 1285, founded several courts of justice.
He caused the transfer of the papal residence to Avignon, and
in 1307 abolished the order of Knights Templar.
Louis X. (Le Hutin), 1314.
Philip V. (Le Long), 1316.
Charles IV. (Le Bel), 1322, died without issue. The House
of Valois succeeds.
Philip VI., 1328. War with England, 133o. Battle of
John II. (Le Bon), 1350; defeated and taken prisoner by the
English at Maupertuis, 1356. Peace of Bretigny, 1360.
Charles V. (Le Sage). 1361, founded the Royal Library, the