25. ST. DENIS.
for the Abbey des Hautes-Bruyeres near Rambouillet. — Monument
of Louis d'Orlians (A. 1407) and Valentine de Milan (A. 1408),
erected by their grandson, Louis XII., in the Eglise des Celestins,
and due to Milanese artists. — Monument of Charles d'Etampes
(A. 1336), a masterpiece of the 14th century.
The Crypt was built by Suger for the bones of St. Denis and his two
fellow-martyrs. The central part, under the sanctuary, is occupied by
the burial-vault of the Bourbons, which was formed by Henri II. and
now contains the coffins of the following royal and princely personages:
Louis XVI., Marie Antoinette, Louis XVIII., Adilaide and Victoire de France;
the Due de Berry and two of his children; Louis Joseph and Louis Henri
Joseph, the last two princes of the house of Cond^; lastly, Louis VII.,
and Louise of Lorraine, wife of Henri III., which were brought from else¬
where. — Adjacent is the 'Cavean Imperial', constructed by Napoleon HI.
as the burial-vault of his dynasty, but quite untenanted. — In the crypt-
chapels and by the external wall of the central part of the crypt are a few
indifferent statues, including a Statue of Marie Antoinette, a kneeling figure
in a ball dress, by Petitot; a Statue of Louis XVI., by Gaulle; a Statue
of Diana of France, of the 16th cent., etc.
The extensive buildings which adjoin the church belong to the
old Abbey, which was transformed by Louis XIV. and Louis XV.
Since 1809 they have been the seat of the Maison d'Education de
la Ligion d'Honneur (PL C, 3), a school affording a free education
to 500 daughters of officers, members of the Legion of Honour, down
to the rank of captain, and also of civilian members.
In the Rue de la Boulangerie, to the S.W. of the basilica, at No. 15,
is a Musee Municipal (PL C, 3; open Sun. 2-5 and on week-days, on
application), occupying an old hospice. It is chiefly composed of
objects discovered in 1900 on the site of the church of the Trois-
Patrons (5-6th cent.), which stood on the N. side of the basilica.
At the entrance to the museum are two interesting mutilated statues
from the Petite-Paroisse (p. 377). — Room I (the former chapel). Objects
excavated in 1900. To the left of the entrance, Gallo-Roman stone sarco¬
phagus ; in the centre, three Merovingian sarcophagi (plaster), with skeletons,
pottery, and jewelry. In a glass-case at the end are pottery with sepulchral
ornamentation (o-15th cent.); Gallo-Roman antefix; Roman coins of Mag-
nentius (of Frankish extraction; d. 353), Nero, etc.; a double Tournois
(coin of Charles II.); Merovingian sword, etc. On the left, capitals, frag¬
ments of embroidered fabrics. Picture from the old chapel of the Carmel¬
ites (p. 377). This room contains some fine 17th cent, iron-work. — Room II
(cabinet on the right). Bones found i'i 1800, including an enormous tibia,
20 in. long. Portrait of Mme. Roland, by Mme. Lebrun (?); charming
crucifix in boxwood; drawings by Parrocel, Delaroehe, and Winterhalier;
curious plan of St. Denis (1575). End-cases: Ecclesiastical objects (wooden
ciborium from La Vendee); police-documents of the Revolution; Roman
lecythus. On the left, charters of Philippe, bishop of Beauvais (1183), and
Barthelemy, bishop of Laon (1126). The cases here contain modern cameos,
a chest of the 15th cent., objects excavated at Monceau-le-Neuf (Aisne),
ears of corn, Gallo-Roman and Merovingian fetishes, etc. On the end-wall,
Banner of the Medallists of Ste. He'lene. Central cases: Fossils, fine collection
of minerals (especially amethysts). On the tops of the cases are small cannon
of Louis XIV.'s time which were still in use in 1815. On the left of the
entrance, Roman pottery, keys of the town of St. Denis, etc. — Part of
the building, which comprised the hostelry of the Trois-Patrons, rests on
curious waggon-vaults supported by pillars, beneath which flows the river
Croult (apply to the custodian).