25. ST. DENIS.
is nearly all modern, except that in the Lady Chapel. The High
Altar, and the altar behind it, known as the 'Confession de St. Denis
(with the relics of the saint), are modern imitations of the style o'
the 13th century.
The Church of St. Denis is chiefly important and interesting as
the Burial Church of the French Kings , nearly all of whom from
Dagobert I. are interred here with their families (comp. p. 373). The
monuments, damaged during the freqnent alterations of the church and
more especially during the Revolution, were replaced in 1816 with the
aid of the fragments preserved by A. Lenoir (p. 285), and were restored
by Viollet-le-Duc. They now form an imposing collection of French
mediaeval and Renaissance sculpture. Visitors are, unfortunately, allowed
too little time to study details , but casts of some of the finest tombs
may be seen in the 'Musee de Sculpture CompareV, at the Troca¬
dero (p. 226). — Hours of admission, see p. 371.
N. Side. *Tomb of Louis XII. (A. 1515) and his consort
Anne de Bretagne (A. 1514), executed in 1516-32 by the Juste
family, of Tours. This is a shrine in the Renaissance style, with open
arcades resembling those of the Visconti monument at the Certosa
near Pavia. The king and queen are represented twice: below on
the sarcophagus in a recumbent posture, executed in a rude, realistic
manner, and again in a kneeling attitude above. Beneath the arches
are statues of the Twelve Apostles. At the corners are allegorical
figures. On the pedestal are small reliefs of the entry of Louis XII.
into Milan (1499), his passage of the Genoese mountains (1507),
his victory over the Venetians at Agnadello (1509), and their final
submission. — Then, to the right, a fine *Spiral Column by Barth.
Prieur, commemorating Henri III. (d. 1589). Behind it is another
column with three genii, by Jean Picart and Giov. della Robbia, which
contains the heart of Francis II. From this point we see, to the
right of the high-altar, the tomb of Dagobert I. (A. 638), an
interesting monument of the 13th cent., with curious allegorical
reliefs representing the king's soul leaving his body and its reception
in heaven, a recumbent statue of Dagobert (modern), and erect
statues of Sigebert, Dagobert's son (modern), and *Queen Nantilde
(13th cent.). The adjacent coloured Madonna (14th cent.) was
brought from the church of St. Martin-des-Champs. — To the left,
*Tom6 of Henri II. (A. 1559) and his queen Catherine de Midicis
(A. 1589), the masterpiece of the architect Pierre Lescot and the
sculptor Germain Pilon, executed in 1564-83. This tomb, of white
marble, is in the same style as that of Louis XII., with twelve
columns and twelve pillars. The deceased are represented twice:
by nude marble figures on the tomb and by bronze figures in a
kneeling posture above the entablature. At the corners are bronze
statues of Faith, Hope, Charity, and Good Works, by Ponce Jacquiau.
The reliefs are by Regnaudin and Roussel. Behind are monuments
of the family of Valois. — We now ascend gome steps.
Choir. To the right of the steps are the Tombs of Blanche and
Jean, the children of St. Louis, interesting works in embossed and