25. ST. DENIS.
Hotel de France (PI. b; B, 3), Rue de la Republique 60, with restaurant
and confectionery; Hotel do Commerce , Place aux Gueldres 1 and Rue de
Paris 27. — Cafi de I'Industrie, Rue du Chemin-de-Fer 27; Cafi de Paris,
Rue de la Re'publique 20.
Tramway Stations (see p. 370). Those of the Ope'ra and Madeleine
lines (coming from Paris) are at the Barrage (PI. C, 1); the cars traverse
the town from S. to N., passing the Rue de la Republique (PI. C, 3),
where passengers alight for the (1/2 M.) cathedral (to the right). The
station for the re turn-journey is in the Rue de la Re'publique, 3 min.
from the cathedral (at the corner of the Rue de Paris).
Post & Telegraph Office (PI. P & T; B, C, 3), Rue de la Re'publique 61
and Avenue de Paris 110.
Admission to the Tombs. At 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5, 12.35, 1.35, 2.30,
3.5, 3.35, 4.5, 4.35, 5.5, and 5.30 on week-days; Sun. and holidays 11.5
(unless they clash with a novena or 'neuvaine', in which case the hour
is 3 p.m.). Visitors give a fee to the guide. Adm. to the treasury and
crypt, 50 c. (free during the festival of St. Denis, 9-17th Oct.).
St. Denis, a prosperous industrial town of 68,808 inhab., with
building - yards, chemical factories , etc., is situated near the right
bank of the Seine, on the Canal St. Denis (p. 236) and the rivers
Croult and Rouillon. It is chiefly celebrated as the burial-place of
the kings of France.
The importance of the town dates from the foundation of its Ben¬
edictine abbey by Dagobert I. (d. 638). Under the Carlovingian dynasty
the monks of St. Denis are found concerning themselves with political
as well as with spiritual matters. When Pepin the Short took possession
of the throne of France in 751 he sent Fulrad, Abbot of St. Denis, to
Rome, to procure the papal confirmation of his title. Three years later Pope
Stephen II. took refuge here from the Lombards, and anointed Pepin's sous
Charlemagne and Carloman. Here, in presence of his nobles, Pepin handed
over his dominions to his sons before he died. The members of the
house of Capet also favoured this abbey. Louis VI., whose best adviser
was the penetrating, sagacious, and libera] abbot Suger (1121-52), solemnly
adopted the Oriflamme ('auriflamma', from its redand gold colours),or standard.
of St. Denis, as the banner of the kings of France. It was suspended above
the altar, whence it was removed only when the king took the field in per¬
son. Its last appearance was on the unfortunate day of Agincourt(p. xvi).
Abilard (p. 181) dwelt in this abbey during the 12th cent., until he became
abbot of Paraclete near Nogent-sur-Seine. During the absence of Louis VII.
on a crusade in the Holy Land (1147-49) Suger became the administrator
of the kingdom, and used his power to increase the dependence of the
nobility on the throne. Among the other merits of this renowned abbot
is that of having collected and continued the chronicles of the abbey.
The Maid of Orleans hung up her arms in the church of St. Denis in 1429.
In 1593 Henri IV. abjured Protestantism in this church, and in 1810
Napoleon I. was married here to the Archduchess Marie Louise.
The railway-station (PL A, B, 3) is 3/4 M. from the cathedral
(omnibus, 15 c.) To reach the latter we cross the Canal St. Denis
(p. 236) and follow the Rue du Chemin-de-Fer, and then the Rue
de la Republique. At the beginning of the latter stands the parish
church of St. Denis de I'Estrie (PL B, 2, 3), in the style of the
13th cent., built by Viollet-le-Duc in 1864-68. We then cross
the Rue de Paris, which intersects the town from N. to S. To the
left is the Hdtel de Ville (PL C, 3), in the Renaissance style, built
The *Cathedral or Basilique of St. Denis (PL C, 3), converted
into a parish church in 1896, traditionally occupies the site of a