the overgrown conventual establishments, which occupied the best
sites and one-third of the area of the city. The Musee of the Louvre
was founded under the Directory, while extensive improvements in
Paris were undertaken under Napoleon (p. xxvi).
Restoration. 1814. Louis XVIII. (1814-24) proclaimed king,
6th April. First Peace of Paris, 30th May.
1815. Napoleon's return from Elba; at Cannes on 1st, and at
Paris on 20th March. Battles of Ligny and Waterloo, 16th and
18th June. Second entrance of the Allies into Paris, 7th July.
Second Peace of Paris, 20th Nov. Napoleon banished to St. Helena,
where he dies (5th May, 1821).
1823. Spanish campaign, to aid Ferdinand VII., under the
Due d'Angouleme, son of Charles X.
1824. Charles X. (1824-30).
1830. Conquest of Algiers. — Ordinances of St. Cloud (25th
July), abolishing the liberty of the press and dissolving the chamber.
Revolution op July (27th-29th). Fall of the Bourbons.
House of Orleans. 1830. Louis Philippe (1830-48), son of
the Due d'Orleans (Egalite"), elected king, 7th Aug. Continued war
in Africa; consolidation of the French colony of Algeria.
1832. Capture of Antwerp.
1835. Fieschi's attempt ou the life of the king, who had failed
to satisfy the demands of the democratic party.
1840. Body of Napoleon transferred from St. Helena to Paris.
1848. Revolution op February (23rd and 24th).
Second Republic. 1848. Sanguinary conflicts in Paris, 23rd to
26th June. Louis Napoleon, son of the former King of Holland
and nephew of Napoleon I., elected President, 10th Dec.
1851. Dissolution of the Assembled. Coup d'Etat, 2nd Dec.
Second Empire. 1852. Napoleon III. (1852-70), elected em¬
peror by plibiscite, 2nd Deo.
1853. Marriage of Napoleon III. with Eugenie, Countess of Mon-
tijo (b. at Granada in 1826). — The wholesale transformation of
1854. War with Russia. Crimean campaign. — 1855. First
Universal Exhibition at Paris. — 1856. Peace of Paris, 30th March.
— 1859. War with Austria. Battles of Magenta (4th June) and
Solferino (24th June). Peace of Villafranca, 11th July. — 1860.
Nice and Savoy added to France. Expeditions to China and Syria.
—1862. Mexican expedition. — 1867. Dispute with Prussia about
Luxembourg. Second Universal Exhibition.
1870. War with Prussia. Declaration of war, 19th July. Battles
in August: Weissenburg (4th), Worth (6th), Spichern (6th), Borny,
Rezonville, and Gravelotte (14th, 16th, 18th), Beaumont (30th).
Battle of Sedan, 1st Sept. Surrender of Napoleon HI.
Third Republic proclaimed, 4th Sept. Capitulation of Strassburg,
27th Sept., and of Afete, 27th Oct. Battles near Orleans, 2nd-4thDec.