(Taller et retour) are issued by all the railway-companies at a reduc¬
tion of 20-25 per cent; those issued on Sat. and the eves of great
festivals are available for three days. On some of the suburban lines,
however, there is no reduction on return-tickets. Tickets are usu¬
ally collected at the 'sortie'. The mail trains (Hrains rapides')
generally convey first-class passengers only, and the express trains
(■'trains express'), first-class and second-class only. The carriages
are inferior to those in most other parts of Europe. The trains aTe
not always provided with smoking carriages, but in the others
smoking is allowed unless any one of the passengers objects.
Before starting, travellers are generally cooped up in the close
and dusty waiting-rooms, and are not admitted to the platform until
the train is ready to receive them; nor is any one admitted to the
platform to take leave of friends without a platform-ticket (10 c.)
which may be obtained from the ticket-checker or in some cases
(e.g. at the Gare de Lyon) from an automatic machine.
Travellers within France are allowed 30 kilogrammes (66 Engl.
lbs.) of luggage free of charge; those who are bound for foreign
countries are allowed 25 kilogr. only (55 lbs.); 10 c. is charged
for booking. At most of the railway-stations there is a consigne,
or left-luggage office, where a charge of 10 c. per day is made for
one or two packages, and 5 c. per day for each additional article.
Where there is no consigne, the employees will generally take care
of luggage for a trifling fee. The railway-porters (factews) are not
entitled to remuneration, but it is usual to give a few sous for their
services. The occasionally extortionate demands of the Parisian
porters should be firmly resisted. — Dog Tickets cost 30 c. for 20 kilo¬
metres (124/2 M.) or less, and 5 c. for each additional 3 kilometres
(l3/4 M.), with 10 c. for 'registration'.
Railway Restaurants (usually dear and often poor) are found at the
principal stations, but the stoppages of the trains are usually so short
that travellers are advised to carry the necessary provisions with them.
Sleeping Carriages (Wagons-lits) and Restaurant Carriages (Wagons-
restaurants) are run in the chief night and day expresses respectively.
Dej. 3V2-5, D. 41/2-7 fr. (wine extra), according to the line; 2nd cl. on cer¬
tain lines in Normandy, dej. 2«/<, B. 3J/2 fr- — Pillows and Coverlets may
be hired at the chief stations (1 fr.).
The most trustworthy information as to the departure of trains
is contained in the Indicateur des Chemins de Fer, published weekly
(85 c). There are also separate and less bulky time-tables for the
different lines ('Livrets Chaix'): du Nord, de l'Est, de l'Ouest, etc.
(50 c.) ; and the Livret Chaix des Environs de Paris (40 c).
Railway time is always that of Paris, but the clocks in the in¬
terior of the stations, by which the trains start, are purposely kept
five min. slow. Belgian (Greenwich or West Europe) railway time
is 4 min. behind, and 'Mid Europe' time (for Germany, Switzerland,
and Italy) 56 min. in advance of French railway time.