142 Route 19. VITRY-LE-FRANÇOIS. From Paris
Church, built in 1420-1529 to shelter a miraculous statue of the Virgin,
found in a thorn-bush by some shepherds. The spires of the two W.
towers are modem. The portai is especially elaborate. In the interior
(completely restored in 1890) the miraculous image (restored), the organ
of the 16th cent., the choir-screen, thetreasury, and the représentation oi
the Holy Sepulchre should be noticed.
From Châlons-sur-Marne to Troyes, see p. 300 (local station near the
main-line station); to Metz via Verdun, see p. 124.
II. From Chàlons-sur-Marne to Nancy.
112 M. Railway in 2'/4-5'/4 hrs. (fares 20 fr. 35, 13 fr. 80, 8 fr. 90 c).
The line skirts the chalk hills on the right bank of the Marne,
traversing the wide plain known as the Champagne Pouilleuse.
At (10872M. from Paris) Coolus the line to Troyes (p. 300) diverges
to the right. 116'/2 M. Vitry-la-Ville, with a château of the 18th
cent., to the right; 123'/2lVl. Loisy, with a handsome Gothic church
of the 13th cent., to the left. We next cross the Marne and reach —
127 M. Vitry - le - François (* Hôtel des Voyageurs, Rue de
Vaux 34; Cloche d'Or, Rue de Frignicourt 44; de la Gare), a town
with 8400 inhab., founded on a regular plan in 1545 by Francis I.
in place of Vitry-le-Brûlé, 2l/2 M. to the N.E., which was destroyed
by Charles V. in 1544. The Avenue Carnot, constructed since 1895
on the site of the former fortifications, leads directly from the station
to a new square, embellished with a monument commemorating the
Review at Vitry in 1891. Behind is the Hôtel de Ville, containing a
small Musée, which includes natural history and antiquarian collec¬
tions and the picture-gallery and curiosities collected by the late
Vice-Admiral Page. Thence the Rue Dominé-de-Verzet leads to
the Place d'Armes, in the centre of the town, whence radiate the
three other chief streets (Rue de Frignicourt, Rue de Vaux, and
Rue du Pont). On the left side of the Place is the church of Notre
Dame, a large and handsome édifice of the 17th cent., containing
two noteworthy monuments of the end of the 18th century. In a
small square to the right is a bronze statue, by Marochetti, of P. P.
Royer-Collard (1763-1845), philosopher and politician, born in the
From Vitrï-le-François to Jessains (Troyes, Chaumont), 33'/2 M.,
railway in I1/2-IV4 hr. (fares 5 fr. 95 c, 4 fr., 2 fr. 60 c). — At (21 M.) Valen-
ligny, the sixth station, a branch diverges to St. Dizier (p. 307).
25 M. Brienne-le-Château (Croix Blanche; Hayard) is famous as the
seat of a military school (suppressed in 1790), of which Napoléon I. was a
pupil (1779-84). A bronze statue of Napoléon at the âge of sixteen, in
front of the Hôtel de Ville, commémorâtes the fact. It was also the scène
of a sanguinary struggle on Jan. 29th, 1814, between Napoléon and Bliicher,
in which the latter was forced to retire. Brienne has given name to a
family of distinction, one of whose members, Jean, was King of Jérusalem
in 1209 and Emperor of Constantinople in 1231 - 37. Above the town
rises the large Château of the Prince de Bauûremont-Courtenay, dating
from the 18th century. The park is open to the public, and the collection
of paintings (numerous portraits) in the interior may also be visited. The
Church (16th cent.) contains some fine stained glass. — Railway to Troyes
via Piney, see p. 300.