to Beauvais. BEAUVAIS. 3. Route. 33
The fine château of Mouchy, i'/^M. to the left, dates from the period
ofthe Renaissance, it contains some fine portraits and other paintings,
sculptures by Pajou, Houdon, Carpeaux, etc., and a valuable libraiy.
— 46 M. Hermès (railway to Beaumont, see p. 32). — 47M. Villers-
St-Sépulcre, so called from a St. Sepulchre in the churcb, enclosing
a slab from the Holy Sepulchre at Jérusalem. Ruined priory of the
llth century. — 50 M. Rcchy-Condé. Branch to Clermont (Soissons,
Compiègne) and St. Just, see pp. 25, 24. On tbe hillside to the left
is the Château of Merlemont, partly of the 16th century. — The
church of (52 M.) Therdonne has a fine Gothic choir. The railway
now joins the preceding route.
54*/2 M. Beauvais (Buffet). — Hotels. De France & d'Angleterre,
Rue de la Manufacture, near the station, R., L., & A. 2'/2, B. 1, déj. 3,
D. 3'/», omn. V2 fr. ; Continental, Place de THôtel-de-Ville 37, new, R.
2-21/z, déj. 3, D. 3'/2 fr.-, Ecu, Rue de l'Ecu 26, de la Gare, pens. 6V2 fr.,
both unpretending. — Cafés. Du Chalet, Potard, Place de l'Hôtel-de-Ville.
— Cabs. 1-2 pers. per drive 80 c, per hr. I1/» fr. ; 3 pers., 1 fr. 10 c , 2 fr. ;
4 pers., 1 fr. 40 c, 2'/2 fr.
Beauvais, an ancient manufacturing town on the Thérain, with
19,900 inhab., is the capital of the Département de l'Oise and the
seat of a bishop. Carpets, woollen cloths, military cloth, gold and
silver lace, buttons, and brushes are among the chief manufactures.
Beauvais occupies the site of the ancient capital of the Bellovaci, sub-
dued by Cersar. Christianity was introduced hère about the middle ofthe
3rd cent, by St. Lucian, who met a martyr's death in the neighbourhood.
Fortified in 1190 by Philip Augustus, the town was able to defy the attack
of Edward III. in 1346; but about 1420 it was placed in the hands of the
English by its bishop, Pierre Cauchon, who afterwards appeared at Rouen
as the condemner of Joan of Arc. In its gallant résistance to Charles the
Bold and his army of 80,000 men in 1472 the women of Beauvais especially
distinguished themselves by their courage, and one of them, Jeanne Laine
or 'Hachette' by name, captured with her own hands a hostile banner,
now preserved in the Hôtel de Ville. The event is still annually celebrated
on the Sun. nearest St. Peter's c'ay (June 2Cth).
In coming from the station, we cross the spacious boulevards,
and keep straight on by the Avenue de la République and the Rue
de la Manufacture. A little to the left is the Manvfactory of Tap-
estry, founded in 1664, i.e. only two years after the state-factory
of Gobelins at Paris, of which it is the only branch. Visitors are
admitted to the small muséum and the workshops (more interest¬
ing) daily, except holidays, 8-12 and 1.30-5p.m. ; on Sun., however,
the looms are not working.
The Be; uvais establishment chiefly makf s tapestry for furniture, adorned
with landscapes, flowers, ornamental designs animais, and pastoral scènes,
but no historical or mythologie al subjects. Beauvais tapestry differs from
Gobelins in being woven on low-warp (basse lisse) looms, in which the
warp-threads are horizontal, while Gobelins is woven on high-warp (havte
lisse) looms, with veitical wavp-threads. An area of 4'/2 sq. inehes is the
average daily task of a good workman. The vititor who has previously
seen only faded old tapestiy will be struck with the beauty and brightness
of the colours and the delicacy of the shading, each distinct hue being
represented by twenty-f ur différent stades. Silk is sometimes used in
representing flowers, fruit, and metallic lustre, but the whole of tbe mt
of the work is in wools, the colours of which are more durable. There
Baedekeb's *t"-"""— c...... 3-,i phu 3