DELPHI. 13. Route.. 151
which the poets .Eschylus, Pindar, and Sophocles, and even the philoso¬
pher Plato, speak of the oracle of Delphi. In the most ancient times the
oracle could be consulted only in the Delphic month Bysios (the Attic
Anthesterion, corresponding to Feb. and March), then subsequently at
any time, with the exception of a few inauspicious days, but finally again
only at fixed and limited times.
The extant remains of the columns show that the exterior of the
temple belonged to the Doric and the interior to the Ionic order.
The shafts are of white calcareous tuff or tufa and were originally
coated with stucco, of which a few traces have been preserved. A
little above the supporting wall a fragment still remains of the S.
steps to the temple itself, constructed of large rectangular blocks,
left rough on the front, on which rest? a layer of thin slabs. Accord¬
ing to an inscription, which has been preserved, a plan of the li¬
mits of the temple-enclosure was engraved on one side of the cella.
In front of the supporting wall mentioned above lie the remains
of the Stoa of the Athenians (5th cent B.C.), some stones with in¬
scriptions, shafts of columns, a fragment of a curious marble
sphinx, and the 'Column of the Naxians', with an inscription re¬
cording the right of the inhabitants of Naxos to consult the oracle
before other inquirers.
About 80 paces below the wall and parallel with it, is the Hellen-
ikd, a fragment of the stone wall which encircled the temple-precincts.
— To the N. of the temple lay the Theatre, in which Cyriacus of
Ancona (p. cxiil) counted 33 rows of seats still existing in the 15th
eentury. A few fragments of the S. wall, covered with inscriptions,
are to be seen* to the left, near the spring of St. Nicholas, which
Prof. Ulrichs identifies with the ancient spring of Kassotis.
The recent excavations by the French have ascertained the site
of the Lesche of the Knidians, famous for its paintings by Polygnotos.
Turning to the W. from the Kernd (Delphussa), which issues
from a projection of the Rodini cliff, we reach the Stadion, now
called Lakkoma. This occupies the highest point in Delphi, and is
situated in a natural depression, the S. side of which appears to
have been artificially heightened.
Opposite the S. side of the stadion, at the W. entrance to the
precincts of the town of Delphi, lies the Chapel of St. Elias. The
strongly buttressed substructure of the chapel probably indicates
the site of the Synedrion, where the meetings of the Amphictyons
took place in spring and autumn. The meeting as well as the place
bore the name of Pylaea, which was afterwards transferred to the
flourishing suburb that sprang up here under the Romans. — In
the neighbourhood is a carefully constructed ancient Tom6, with
two vaulted spaces for sarcophagi and other recesses. Adjacent is
a circular exedra, hewn in the rock.
The spring of Zaleska, the ancient Sybaris, flows through a wide open¬
ing into the lower part of the gorge of the Papadia (p. 148). In the
gorge, just opposite, is the cave of Krypsana, or den of the Lamia, a
monster living upon human sacrifices and resembling the Theban Sphinx.