The central part of the mainland of Greece, lying to the S. of a
line drawn between the Ambracian Gulf (Bay of Aria) on the W.
and the Malic Gulf (Gulf of Lamia) an the E. , is connected with
the N. districts of Epirus (now Albania) and Thessaly by an exten¬
sive mountain system, to which the general name of Pindos is
usually given. From this system the Othrys chain (highest point
5580 ft.), runs to the E.; the CEta chain (7050 ft.), approach¬
ing so close to the marshy coast of the Malic Gulf as to leave
room only for the famous pass of Thermopylae (p. 194), extends to¬
ward the S.E. ; and still farther to the S. lies the plateau-like Par-
nassos (8070 ft.), with which are connected the isolated groups of
Helicon, Kithaeron, Parnes, and the other heights mentioned at
p. 102. As far S. as the Boeotian plain and Lake Kopais (p. 182)
the country is almost entirely mountainous; and it is divided into
clearly separated territories (Attica, Megaris, Boeotia, Phocis, West¬
ern Locris, Doris, Malis with the district of (Eta, Eastern Locris,
or land of the Opuntian and the Epiknemidian Locrians, Mtolia, and
Acarnania). With the exceptions of the Acheloos (pp. 27, 28), which
flows towards theW., the Spercheios, in the plain of Lamia, and
the Kephisos, which enters Lake Kopais, there are no important
rivers. The majority of the inhabitants were regarded in antiquity
as belonging to the Achaean-Molic Stock; but the hilly district of
Doris (p. 147) on Mount (Eta., and Megaris (p. 141) were inhabited
by Dorians, and Attica by Ionians (p. 104).
The following pages limit themselves to a description of the chief
routes in the E. half of this district, which alone is historically important;
the W. half, inhabited in classic times by 'semi-barbarians', is for the
present omitted from this Handbook, except for the notices already given
at pp. 27, 28. Railways (with the exception of the under-mentioned line
from Athens and the Pirseus to Corinth) do not exist, and the traveller
must either drive or ride. For the mode of travelling compare the In¬
troduction, p. xii et seq.
12. From Athens to Corinth via Megara.
57 M. Railwat (Sidirddromos tes Peloponnesou) in 3V4-33A hrs. (fares
10 fr. 40, 8 fr. 75 c.; return 16 fr. 60 c, 14 fr.); to (30'/2 M.) Megara in
2 hrs. (fares 5 fr. 50, 4 fr. 55 c.; return 8 fr. 80, 7 fr. 30 c). There are
three trains daily. The best views are to the left. — The station at
Athens lies to the N.W. of the town (PI. B. 1); cab from the hotels 2 fr.
The trains start at the Piraeus (where through-passengers only
are admitted) and after halting at Athens runs to the N. across the
Attic plain. IV4M. (from Athens) Mylae ('the mills'), near Sepdlia;