142 Route 11. DELOS.
itive wall with a wide doorway. The marble jambs and lintel of the
latter were added afterwards. The roof is formed by ten huge slabs of
granite, on which lie smaller stones. Light is admitted by an opening in
the rear. To the right is a niche or recess in the rock, containing a large
unhewn block of granite, the top of which seems to have been prepared
for the reception of a statue. A small channel for water runs along the
left wall. In the open space in front of the grotto stands a round marble
base, of a latter period; this is supposed to have supported a tripod, as the
similarity of the arrangement to those at Delphi and Klaros has given rise
to the idea that this also may have been the home of an oracle.
From the grotto the sacred way ascended to the top of Mt. Kyn-
thos, which was formerly crowned by the Temple of Zeus Kynthios
and Athena Kynthia. The scanty remains here belong to a compara¬
tively late period. The *View from the top is fine and extensive.
In descending from Mt. Kynthos, towards the W., we have the
entire field of the ruins of Delos spread at our feet. On reaching
the foot of the hill, we follow the gorge, which runs to the W. from
the terrace mentioned at p. 141. This is the dry bed of the Inopos,
which, if we may judge from the numerous cisterns within the town
precincts, was not much better provided with water in antiquity.
Farther to the W. extends the important part of the town that arose
in the Roman period. Here, immediately to the N. of the founda¬
tions of a colonnade, a Private House has been excavated.
The arrangements resemble those with which we are familiar at Pom¬
peii. The entrance faces the street along which ran the above menlioned
colonnade. From the vestibule, to the right and left of which are rooms,
we reach the spacious atrium or court, the centre of which is occupied
by an admirable mosaic, sunk two steps below the level of the rest of the
floor and surrounded by twelve Doric columns of white marble. To the
E. of the atrium are three other rooms, to the N. two. The walls of
these apartments are formed of small stones embedded in mortar, and
were formerly decorated with stucco painted red, blue, and yellow.
A few architectural remains to the N. W. of this house betoken
the site of the Sanctuary of the Cabiri, mysterious divinities whose
cult was probably of Oriental origin (comp. p. 160). To the W.,
where the ground falls abruptly, lies the Theatre. The audito¬
rium, occupying much more than a semicircle, is supported by walls
of Hellenistic masonry. The marble seats of the four lowest rows
are still partly in situ; those to the right in the lowest row still
retain their backs. Eight flights of steps led to the upper rows.
Nothing remains of the stage and orchestra except the foundations.
Below these is a large cistern.
To the W. of the island of Delos lies Megdle Delos, the ancient
Rheneia, the history of which is quite devoid of interest.
The Greek steamers (pp. xxi, xxii) ply also to other members of the
Cyclades Perhaps the most interesting of those as yet unmentioned is the
volcanic island of Thera or Santorini, the abrupt, sickle-shaped W. coast
of which, with the islets of Theresia and Kaemeni in front of it, seems to
owe its form to the falling in of an ancient crater. The exuberantly fruit¬
ful soil produces excellent white and red 'malmsey' (p. 25S) and other wines,
which are exported to Russia in exchange for grain and timber. The po¬
pulation amounts to 15,000, nearly half of whom are Roman Catholics.