DELOS. 11. Route. 139
under the management of Homolle, Hauvette-Besnaull, Reinach, Paris, and
Fougeres. The work is still going on.
The steamers from Mykonos to Delos generally round the S. end
of the latter island, affording a constant view of the lofty form of
Mt. Kynthos (p. 142). We land at the ancient harbour on the W.
coast of Delos, a few paces distant from the excavations carried on
in the once sacred enclosure, commanded by the large and high-
lying temple of Apollo.
Passing the foundations of a building of a later epoch, we first
reach what is believed to have been the Propylaea (PI. 1), a square
structure with a shallow portico on the S. side. To the N. of this
is a small Ionic building (PI. 2), which has been identified with the
Artemision or with the Temple of the Seven Gods, the latter sup¬
position having been suggested by the discovery of several archaic
female statues in the vicinity. Beyond this point the 'Sacred Way'
leads to the so-called Treasuries, where it bends to the S. and ap¬
proaches the E. front of the Temple of Apollo. To the right of the
path are the foundations of a building of unknown import, and ad¬
jacent are the remains of another edifice, 67 ft. long and 35 ft.
wide, supposed to be the Temple of Latona (PI. 3), which, as we
know from ancient writers, lay close to that of Apoilo. The walls
and architectural fragments here are of good and skilful workman¬
ship, and the style of the latter shows that the temple belonged
to the Doric order. The groups of the Rape of Orithyeia and of
Kephalos (p. 93), found here, may perhaps have been placed as
acroteria on the tops of the two pediments, while the figures of
Nike probably served the same purpose at the angles.
The great Temple op Apollo, the plan of which resembles that
of the Theseion at Athens, was 86 ft. long and 44 ft. wide. The
remains of the massive foundations, resting on a bed of greyish
blue slate, show that the temple was a peripteral hexastyle, probably
with 13 columns at the sides. The interior is covered with fallen
blocks of marble. The pronaos and opisthodomos seem to have
opened to the E. and W. with two columns 'in antis'. The cella
has not yet been excavated. Few aids to determine the architec¬
tural appearance of the temple remain except some fragments of
the triglyphs and of the Doric columns. The latter have been left
smooth; the only traces of fluting are at the top and bottom of the
shaft. The remains of the plastic adornment are confined to the
palmettes and lion's heads of the sima. The building, which pro¬
bably replaced an older temple, is supposed to date from the third
century before the Christian era.
Near the temple stood the Horned Altar of Apollo (xepdrwo;
Pti)u,6;), so named from the ram's horns of which it was partly
composed, and regarded by the ancients as one of the seven wonders
of the world. Recent investigators believe they have found this
altar in the N. part of the so-called Hall of thb Bulls, to the E.
of the great temple.