in Attica. THORIKO. ». Route. 125
by Iphigeneia (comp. p. 63). The ancient remains here are very scanty.
— The ruined village of Merinda, l>/2 M. to the S.E. of Markopoulo, said
to have been destroyed by the Turks, occupies the site of the ancient
Myrrhinous, which possessed temples of Artemis Kolainis and Athena.
From Markdpulo a carriage-road leads to the E. to (11 M.) the Porto
Raphti, a fine natural harbour, divided into two basins by a tongue of
land with a few houses and a chapel of St. Nicholas. The S. part of
the bay belonged in antiquity to Prasiae, one of the twelve towns of
Attica welded into one political community by Theseus (p. 37). The
town lay on the Cape of Kordni, which forms the S. boundary of the bay,
and is known in classic history as the port from which the Theoriae, or sa¬
crificial embassies to Delos, took their departure. To the N. of Cape Koroni
lies a small rocky islet, accessible only from one side (N), on which is
a colossal marble figure in a sitting posture, probably representing the
hero Erysichthon. Popular fancy has seen some resemblance in this
figure to a tailor (pa'cpxi);), and has named the bay accordingly.
Near (25y2 M.) Kalyvia the mountains on both sides close in a
little and begin to merge in the hills of Laurion. — 27y2 M. Ke-
ratea, a thriving village with 1600 inhab., possesses pleasant gar¬
dens and fruit-trees and an excellent spring, the water of which is
sent even to Thoriko and Laurion. It probably corresponds to the
old deme of Kephale. — 34 M. Daskalid, 35 M. Vromopoussi, both
to the left of the railway, which now descends through a long valley,
side by side with the high-road. Signs of our approach to a min¬
ing-district become more numerous.
38 M. Thoriko or Therikd, on the spacious harbour of Porto
Mandri, contains considerable remains of the ancient Thorikds.
In legendary history Thorikds appears as the residence of King Kepha-
los, husband of Prokris, the daughter of Erechtheus, the story of whose
visit to Crete is undoubtedly based on some early intercourse with that
ancient home of culture. Thorikos was one of the twelve towns of the
Synoekismos of Theseus (p. 37), but thenceforth disappears from history
till the 23rd year of the Peloponnesian War (B. C. 409), when we read
that the Athenians surrounded it with massive walls to repel any attack
the Spartans might make from this side on the silver-mines of Laurion.
Most of the ruins lie at the S. base of the pointed hill of Vele-
touri (480 ft.) to the N.W. of the harbour, connected by a saddle
with a lower hill (400 ft.) to the N. The most extensive are those
of the Theatre, which we observe at some distance to the left of
the railway and road. The auditorium faces the S. and is embedded
between two low spurs of the hill, a fact which no doubt accounts
for the oval form nowhere else met with in buildings of this kind.
It is bounded by a marble wall resembling that of a fortress. The
tiers of seats, formed of large slabs of stone, are nearly all destroyed.
The structures on the outside of the enclosing wall, to the N.W.
and N.E., were probably the substructures for flights of steps
ascending to the top of the wall, whence other flights descended on
the inside to the seats. The substructure to the N.W. is in tolerable
preservation; it is intersected by a low passage with a corbelled
vaulting, a device by which building material is saved without loss
of supporting capacity. Opposite the E. end of the wall is a small
square chamber hewn in the rock and opening on the auditorium,