in Attica. RHAMNUS. 9. Route. 123
Vrana, about 12 M. from Kephisia, is a miserable village, pro¬
bably occupying the site of the deme of Probdlinthos. In the lateral
valley of Avldna, to the N., was the Sanctuary of Hercules, in or
near which the Athenians were posted before the battle, in order
to ascertain the plans of the Persians and, if necessary, oppose their
southward march (comp. p. 121).
The road from Vrana to the (2 M.) (Sore's (p. 120) must coin¬
cide almost exactly with the line along which the Athenians ad¬
vanced to the attack. — From the Soros we take about 1 hr. to
reach Marathon. The route passes the hamlet of Bei, skirts the base
of the Stavrokordki, and leads along the shining white bed of the
river, in which there is rarely any water.
Marathon, or Marathdna, 14 M. from Kephisia, a village
with 500 inhab., is the most important place in the plain to which
it gives name, and makes an impression of greater prosperity than
is usual among the villages of Attica. Between the houses and the
bed of the stream extend well-kept and well-watered gardens, which
give the place an air of cheerfulness and thrift. Night-quarters may
be obtained in the village inn or at one of the other houses.
We here engage a guide to lead us to the (2 M.; 11 M. from
Kephisia) Cave of Pan (SirqXatov), as the agogiatae usually do not
know the way. This grotto, from a fanciful resemblance of its
stalactites to flocks of goats, has been identified with that mentioned
by Pausanias, but it is otherwise uninteresting. It lies in a some¬
what hidden position, to the left of the road to Kalentzi and to the
Tight of that to Kephisia. We pass the mill of Nind'i, a Frankish
tower, and a copious spring (Kephaldri) enclosed by ancient masonry.
From the last we overlook the Mandri tes Graeas, or fold of the old
woman, a circle of stones, probably belonging to an old fortification.
An Excursion to Rhamnus from Marathon occupies a day, including
a stay of 2-3 hrs., and may be conveniently accomplished as follows.
(Provisions and water should be brought from Marathon.) From the
village of Marathon we ascend past the cemetery and traverse a hilly dis¬
trict to (1 hr.) Apdno-Soiili and to (50 min.) a small plain with a Chapel
of St. John and a well of good water on the bank of a brook fringed
with oleanders. The rest of the way (3/4-l hr.) leads through the Valley
of Limikd, which is intersected by a low hill with remains of ancient
graves and walls, and across a fertile plain.
The ancient seaport town of Rhamnus has no modern representative,
and its site is marked only by a heap of ruins. As the path descends to
the beach, we first reach a small, projecting plateau, on which are the
ruins of two ancient Temples. These, however, consist of such a bewild¬
ering heap of building stones and fragments of all kinds, that some
time elapses before we can separate the essential from the accidental and
form some idea of the original plan. To the left lay the Smaller Temple,
34 ft. long and 21 ft. wide, consisting of the simplest form of a cella in
antis, with a portico supported by two Doric columns of Poros stone. The
Larger Temple, estimated to have been 98 ft. long and 37 ft. wide, was a
Doric peripteros, with 12 columns at the sides and 6 at the ends, and
consisted of a pronaos, a cella, and a posticum. Eight of its columns are
still erect, and the absence of fluting indicates that the building was never
finished. The smaller temple was probably the original sanctuary de¬
stroyed by the Persians, while the larger was afterwards erected to re-