122 Route 9. MARATHON. Excursions
one of the generals, was slain; and Cynoegirus, the son of Euphorion,
having seized on a vessel of the enemy's by the ornament at the stern,
had his hand cut off by the blow of an axe, and so perished; as likewise
did many other Athenians of note and name. Nevertheless the Athenians
secured in this way seven of the vessels; while with the remainder the
barbarians pushed off' (Rawlinson's Translation).
The loss of the Barbarians is stated by Herodotus to have been 6400
men, most of whom were probably cut down while attempting to escape.
A painting by Polygnotos in the Stoa Pcekile at Athens represented the
large swamp to the N. as the scene of great slaughter among the Persians.
Of the Athenians 192 were slain, besides whom a number of Plataeans
and slaves also fell. The dead were laid in common graves according to
septs, and over all was raised a lofty mound (the Soros?). A similar mound,
of which all trace has disappeared, covered the remains of the Plataeans
and those of the slaves who were deemed worthy of this honour.
Pausanias visited the battle-field and speaks of a Funereal Mon¬
ument to Miltiades, who, however, did not die till a later date,
after the failure of the expedition to Paros. A Tropaeon, or monu¬
ment of victory, is also mentioned. One or other of these monu¬
ments may be identified with the so-called Pyrgos, the remains of
a square substructure of marble, about y2 M. to the N. of the So¬
ros, 100 paces to the right of two conspicuous cypresses, and close
by a solitary cypress and a wine-press.
From Kephisia to Marathon. We proceed towards the N.,
the road at first leading through olive-groves, vineyards, and corn¬
fields. The cultivation, however, gradually disappears, and we finally
reach a district overgrown by arbutus, lentisks, and sparsely-sown
pines. To the right rise the barren W. slopes of the Pentelikon,
on which several new marble quarries are now worked. The road
witids round the N.W. base of the hill, one of the spurs of which is
crowned by the modern fort of Kastrdki. After l3/4 hr. we reach the
village of Stamdta, situated on a hill and perhaps identical with
the deme of Hekale, the heroine of which hospitably entertained
Theseus on his way to attack the Marathonian bull. Near the prin¬
cipal building in the village is a small collection of sculptures, etc.,
exhumed by the American Archaeological School, in the district of
'Dionysos', at the N. base of Pentelikon. The district is identified
with the ancient deme of Ikaria, which plays a prominent part in
the Dionysiac myths.
Our road, however, does not actually enter the village, but leads
past its entrance and near a Chapel of the Panagia, situated beside
a draw-well below a group of trees. It then crosses an undulat¬
ing plateau, and at the end of a short hollow emerges on ('/2 hr.) a
small plain, with a well, where the roads to Vrana (right; l3/4 hr.)
and to Marathon (left; 2'/4hrs.) diverge from each other. Both roads
cross the Aphorismd, or N. spur of Pentelikon. The road to Vrana
commands a magnificent *View of the plain of Marathon, the sea,
and the mountains of Eubcea. Near the ruined Convent of St. George
opens the ravitie of Rapetdsa, separating the Aphorismo from the
Argaliki, the slopes of which harbour a large quantity of game.