9. Route. 11 5
The drivers generally halt at the tavern in the first house to the
left, where the traveller may, if necessary, make enquiry respecting
guides and the like.
We leave the carriage here and ascend a stony bridle-path on foot
or on horseback. After l/2nr-)'vvre reach a point where thehills of Me¬
gara come into sight on the left, and where the path to the convent of
the Panagia (see below) diverges to the right, on the right bank of
the streamlet, generally dry, known as 'Potami'. The direct route to
Phyle ascends rapidly to the left, passing through a scanty forest of
pines. In l'^hr. we reach a narrow defile traversed by a mountain-
torrent, with some remains of an ancient aqueduct, and in 20-25 min.
more find ourselves at the entrance to the fortress of Phyle ($uXtj ;
2130 ft.), which lies in the heart of the mountains, at a point where
several ravines and passes leading to Attica and Boeotia unite.
It is improbable that any town of consequence was ever situated
here, but the strategic importance of the place as a frontier-fortress
is self-evident. When the gallant Thrasyboulos was expelled from
Athens by the Thirty Tyrants, he established himself here with
70 comrades and gradually collected a devoted band of followers who
set the attacks of the Thirty at defiance. His following ultimately
became so numerous that he was able to capture the Piraeus (p. 106)
and thereafter to deliver Athens from the hated yoke of the tyran¬
nical oligarchy (B.C. 403). The massive walls with their square
and circular towers, which are still admirably preserved, enclose a
•small plateau extending from E. to W. The principal entrance
on the E. side was so contrived that the approaching enemy would
be compelled to expose his undefended right flank to the garrison.
There is also a small entrance at the S.E. angle.
The *View embraces the entire range of the jEgaleos, the Attic plain,
with Athens itself, Hymettos, and the Saronic Gulf with ^Egina and the
coasts of the Peloponnesus. Higher mountains exclude the view in other
directions. The abrupt precipice to the N.E. is the Harma of antiqnity.
From Phyle to Thebes, 9-10hrs., see p. 171. Tanagra(y. 178) lies 12M.
to the N., beyond Liatani.
Keeping more to the left in returning we reach the little mon¬
astery of [Iavavta xtbv KXetoxaJv ('Our Lady of the Defile'), ro¬
mantically situated at the base of the Harma. Rakf and coffee may
here be obtained of the monks (V2-I fr.). The monastery is
about 2'/2 M. from Chasia; path, see above and Map, p. 103.
e. Kephisia. Tatoi.
Railway to (8 M.) Kephisia in about 1 hr. (fares 1 fr. 50. 1 fr. 5 c.;
there and back 2 fr. 40, 1 fr. 80 c). — From Kephisia to (7 M.) Tatdi
along the high-road by carr. in V/t hr. (carr. there and back 20 fr.). — By
taking the early train to Kephisia, a visit to Tatoi may be made the same
day; it is, however, preferable to spend the night in Tatoi in order to
enjoy the morning and evening in the woods.
The small wooden house (PI. D, 2) serving as station for this
line, stands in the upper part of the Rue d'Athene, to the N. of the