114 Route 9.
ed by the Prankish Tower. Descending hence to the left and pass¬
ing above a large oil and soap factory, we come to the entrance of
an ancient cave, which served as a rock-tomb, formed by stones
arranged in the manner of corbels. •— Farther on we descend to the
sea, which we reach near the western of the two sickle-shaped Moles
constructed to supply the want of a natural harbour; the E. mole
ranged with the E. wall of the town.
Lastly we may direct the pensioner (aTCOjxa^o?) who acts as
our guide (fee 1 fr.) to conduct us to the Museum and the chapel
of St. Zacharias. The Museum contains a statue of Antinous, sta¬
tues of priestesses, a few reliefs of Triptolemos, inscriptions, and
smaller sculptures. The Chapel of St. Zacharias, which occupies
the site of an ancient sanctuary generally taken for a Temple of
Triptolemos, also contains several antiquities. The so-called Eleu¬
sinian relief (p. 97) was found here.
This excursion occupies one day. Driving is practicable as far as
(2>/4 hrs.) Chasid (carr. 30 fr.), but beyond that the traveller must perform
the steep ascent (272 hrs.) either on foot (guide,'oSTjyds, 3-5 fr.) or on the
back of a horse or donkey (yetiSoupi)- From Phyle we may return by the
convent of Panagia ton Kleiston, where a halt is made, to (3 hrs.) Chasia
and thence to (2 hrs.) Athens. Those who do not dread a walk of 2i/2-3
hrs. more may travel by the Peloponnesian Railway (R. 12) to (11 M.)
Epdno Liosia (1 hr.; fares 1 fr. 90, 1 fr. 50 c.) and proceed thence to (l'/zhr.)
Chasia on foot. They should, however, make sure that the train stops at
Epano Liosin, and must arrange so as to catch the evening-train hack to
Athens. — As it often takes a long time to make a bargain in Chasia
it is, perhaps, advisable to bring the guide and even the saddle-horses
(ca. 10 fr.) from Athens. During winter, however, when there is no field-
work going on, this is not necessary. Provisions are indispensable.
The foot of the hills on which Phyle lies may be reached by
several routes. We may quit Athens either by the road to Patisia,
turning afterwards to the left, or by the street leading from the
Place de la Concorde to the N.W. After about l!/2 M. the route
crosses the Kephisos. Farther on we see to the right Pyrgos, the
model farm of the late Queen Amalia, now private property; another
good road to Phyle, often chosen by the coachmen, leads close by the
house. In the distance rises the spire of the church of Ardkli, a
hamlet originally settled by Bavarians but now almost wholly oc¬
cupied by Greeks. Farther on we pass the villages oiKamatero and
Epdno Lidsia. The latter is a railway-station (p. 144), and many
pedestrians begin their walk there (to Chasia l-l'/^hr.). — To the
right lies Menidi, with the domed tomb mentioned at p. 116. The
whole neighbourhood was comprised in the ancient deme of Achar-
nae, the charcoal-burners of which play so important a part in one
of the comedies of Aristophanes. Acharnae supplied a contingent
of 3000 hoplites, or heavy-armed soldiers, to the Athenian army.
We soon see in the distance the hill, crowned by a chapel and
two pine-trees, beyond which lies the village of Chasia (600 inhab.).