9. Route. 107
harbour and the merchantmen in the basin. The W. part of the
Pirasan peninsula, shaped somewhat like a leaf (see Plan) and
rising to a considerable height in the middle, bore, as is now believ¬
ed, the name of Akte. On the side next the sea it was surrounded
with a massive wall strengthened by square towers, the course of
which is still quite traceable. In the N. angle of the westernmost
projection of the Akte is the Tomb of Miaulis, a plain marble
monument in memory of a naval hero in the War of Liberation
(d. 1835); at the opposite angle is a Lighthouse. Adjoining the
latter to the S. are two tombs hewn in the living rock, often cover¬
ed by water but accessible at low tide; the first is commonly sup¬
posed to be the Tom6 of Themistokles. The rounded blocks lying
about here may have been part of an ancient lighthouse or beacon.
The rocks in the interior of the peninsula show numerous traces of
ancient dwellings and quarries. At the highest point (187 ft.) is
the signal used for telegraphing to Athens the arrival of the
steamboats. To the S.E., near the spring of Tzirloneri, is a cafe,
the seats in front of which afford a charming view. The ancient
name of the small bay was Phreattys.
To the E. is the bay or harbour of Zea, the entrance of which
was formerly fortified. Traces of the massive substructures of the
sheds or ship-houses (Necbootxoi) for the reception of the an¬
cient triremes are visible under the water. Near the S.W. corner
of the bay are traces of the rows of seats and foundations of the
stage of the so-called New Theatre.
The broad road skirts the edge of the bay, on the S.E. shore of
which is a group of villas frequented by the Athenians in summer.
To the left are a few ancient tombs and votive niches. The road
then runs at the base of the hill of Munychia and reaches the Har¬
bour of Munychia, where there are remains of antiquity similar to
those in the bay of Zea. It finally leads back to the town, passing
near the monument to French and English soldiers mentioned at
p. 105. Road to the railway-station of Phaleron, see below.
The ascent of the Hill of Munychia (280 ft.), the Acropolis
of the Pirseus , is rather trying from the side next the sea, but
there is an easy path on the N.W. slope. It was here that Thrasy-
boulos and afterwards the Macedonians entrenched themselves. The
extensive view embraces the Bay of Phaleron, Mt. Hymettos, the
Attic plain, the Acropolis of Athens, the Lykabettos, and Mt.
Parnes; to the S. are the islands of Hydra, jEgina, Salamis, and the
tiny Psyttaleia, and also the town of Pirseus. To theW. of the Chap¬
el of St. Elias is the entrance of a deep subterranean passage, with
165 dilapidated steps; it is now called Arethusa and is supposed
to be the shaft of an ancient well. On the W. slope is the well-
marked circular site of the Old Theatre and traces of rows of seats.
The valley to the S. of the hill with the Anglo-French monument,
outside the ancient town-walls, is supposed by Prof. Curtius to be