will therefore highly appreciate any corrections or suggestions
with which travellers may favour him, especially if the re¬
sult of their own observation. Communications of this nature
have frequently been of the greatest use in the case of his
The Maps and Plans of the Handbook have in each
case been prepared from the latest material available (comp.
p. cxvi). The map of the Kingdom of Hellas at the end of
the volume, on a scale of 1:1,000,000, is founded upon the map
of the Imperial Geographical Institute of Vienna (1: 300,000;
p. cxvi), with numerous modifications and additions. The state
of the network of roads, with which Greece is gradually being
covered, is represented as it was at the beginning of 1888.
The French orthography of the names (comp. p. xlii) has been
adopted because the map is also used in the French and
German editions of the Handbook. The same remark applies
to the plans of Athens, the Piraeus, and Corinth, with the
additional reason that the French names of the streets are
occasionally employed as alternatives to the Greek ones.
Distances by railway or high-road are given approxi¬
mately in English miles (4/s Engl, miles = nearly 1 Stadion or
kilometre). Where the time between two places is given
instead of the distance, the reference, unless expressly stated
to be otherwise, is to the ordinary mode of locomotion in
Greece, viz. on horseback. As the pace is invariably a walk,
an hour rarely means more than three English miles, and fre¬
quently means less (comp p. xxiii). Heights are given from
the most trustworthy sources, reduced to English feet (1 Engl.
ft. = 0.3048 metre, Greek pechys). The Populations are
those ascertained by the latest census.
Hotels. The hotel system of Greece is still so undevelop¬
ed, that it is difficult to give satisfactory data concerning
houses of entertainment. The asterisks, however, indicate
those which the Editor has reason to believe are compara¬
tively clean, respectable, and reasonable.
A list of the modern Greek topographical and other terms
occurring most frequently in the text is given at p. xviii. For
hints as to the pronunciation of modern Greek, seepp.xxxii,xlii.
It should be noticed that the Julian Calendar, which
is twelve days behind the Gregorian, is still followed in
Greece. January 1st in Greece corresponds therefore to Jan¬
uary 13th in Western Europe.
To hotel-keepers, tradesmen, and others the Editor begs
to intimate that a character for fair dealing and courtesy to¬
wards travellers forms the sole passport to his commendation,
and that advertisements of every kind are strictly excluded
from his Handbooks.